Special Issue "The Biology and Treatment of Myeloid Leukaemias"
A special issue of International Journal of Molecular Sciences (ISSN 1422-0067). This special issue belongs to the section "Molecular Pathology, Diagnostics, and Therapeutics".
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2017)
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.
There has been an observed decrease in the global mortality from cancer, mostly atributable to improved, particularly early, detection and prevention. For many carcinomas and leukaemias in adults, once the disease has reached a certain stage there are no therapies that are able to erradicate the cancer cells and cure patients. There has been progress in the treatment of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and remissions are achievable; however, the presence of chemoresistent blast cells leads to most patients relapsing, and relapse is difficult to treat and thus patients die due to their disease. Targeting these resistent cells and the leukaemia stem cells, which sustain the leukaemia, is crucial for an effective therapy for AML. Moreover, an increasing number of diverse mutations have been described in AML cells that disrupt the ability of these cells to undergo differentiation. The use of pro-differentiating agents to drive the blast cells to mature, and subsequently undergo apoptosis, provides another approach to therapy. Differentiation therapy, using all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), an inducer of granulocyte differentiation, has been highly successful in the case of acute promyeloicytic leukaemia, a sub-type of AML, turning this disease into a curable malignancy. Clinical trials of ATRA in other types of AML have resulted in conflicting results. This Special Issue of IJMS is interested in articles that provide insights into the underlying defects in AML, the biology of AML, the nature of leukaemia stem cells, myeloid cell differentiation, and new therapies, including the treatment of disease relapse.
Dr. Geoffrey Brown
Prof. Dr. Ewa Marcinkowska
Manuscript Submission Information
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- acute myeloid leukaemias
- new therapy strategies
- differentiation therapy
- mouse models
- gene aberrations
- leukaemia stem cells
- cellular signaling and other molecular events
- disease classification and diagnosis
- disease monitoring