Potential Role of Free Fatty Acids in the Pathogenesis of Periodontitis and Primary Sjögren’s Syndrome
AbstractClinical studies have shown that metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes and dyslipidemia are associated with increased risk of oral-related diseases, such as periodontitis and Sjögren’s syndrome. Although changes in the immune system are critical in both of these metabolic disorders and oral-related diseases, the mechanism underlying the interaction between these diseases remains largely unknown. Obesity and type 2 diabetes are known to be associated with higher concentrations of free fatty acids in blood. Among free fatty acids, saturated fatty acids such as palmitic acid have been demonstrated to induce inflammatory responses mainly via the innate immune systems, and to be involved in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes in tissues such as adipose tissue, liver, pancreas, and skeletal muscle. Here, we highlight recent advances in evidence for the potential involvement of palmitic acid in the pathogenesis of periodontitis and Sjögren’s syndrome, and discuss the possibility that improvement of the lipid profile could be a new strategy for the treatment of these diseases. View Full-Text
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Shikama, Y.; Kudo, Y.; Ishimaru, N.; Funaki, M. Potential Role of Free Fatty Acids in the Pathogenesis of Periodontitis and Primary Sjögren’s Syndrome. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 836.
Shikama Y, Kudo Y, Ishimaru N, Funaki M. Potential Role of Free Fatty Acids in the Pathogenesis of Periodontitis and Primary Sjögren’s Syndrome. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(4):836.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shikama, Yosuke; Kudo, Yasusei; Ishimaru, Naozumi; Funaki, Makoto. 2017. "Potential Role of Free Fatty Acids in the Pathogenesis of Periodontitis and Primary Sjögren’s Syndrome." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 4: 836.
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