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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(1), 3; doi:10.3390/ijms17010003

The Role of Alternative Splicing in the Control of Immune Homeostasis and Cellular Differentiation

1
Department of Immunology and Infectious Disease, the John Curtin School of Medical Research, the Australian National University, Acton 2601, Australia
2
Department of Genetics and Bioengineering, Faculty of Engineering, Trakya University, Edirne 22030, Turkey
3
School of Health Sciences, University of Notre Dame Australia, Fremantle 6959, Australia
4
Institute of Health Research, University of Notre Dame Australia, Fremantle 6959, Australia
5
School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Nedlands 6009, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kotb Abdelmohsen
Received: 31 October 2015 / Revised: 11 December 2015 / Accepted: 15 December 2015 / Published: 22 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Post-Transcriptional Gene Regulation by Ribonucleoprotein Complexes)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [716 KB, uploaded 22 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

Alternative splicing of pre-mRNA helps to enhance the genetic diversity within mammalian cells by increasing the number of protein isoforms that can be generated from one gene product. This provides a great deal of flexibility to the host cell to alter protein function, but when dysregulation in splicing occurs this can have important impact on health and disease. Alternative splicing is widely used in the mammalian immune system to control the development and function of antigen specific lymphocytes. In this review we will examine the splicing of pre-mRNAs yielding key proteins in the immune system that regulate apoptosis, lymphocyte differentiation, activation and homeostasis, and discuss how defects in splicing can contribute to diseases. We will describe how disruption to trans-acting factors, such as heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs), can impact on cell survival and differentiation in the immune system. View Full-Text
Keywords: apoptosis; B cells; T cells; hnRNP proteins; immune tolerance; pre-mRNA alternative splicing apoptosis; B cells; T cells; hnRNP proteins; immune tolerance; pre-mRNA alternative splicing
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Yabas, M.; Elliott, H.; Hoyne, G.F. The Role of Alternative Splicing in the Control of Immune Homeostasis and Cellular Differentiation. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 3.

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