Next Article in Journal
Influence of Bxpel1 Gene Silencing by dsRNA Interference on the Development and Pathogenicity of the Pine Wood Nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus
Next Article in Special Issue
The Potential of Plant Phenolics in Prevention and Therapy of Skin Disorders
Previous Article in Journal
Alternative Splicing in Adhesion- and Motility-Related Genes in Breast Cancer
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Flaxseed-Derived Lignan Phenolic Secoisolariciresinol Diglucoside (SDG) Protects Non-Malignant Lung Cells from Radiation Damage
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(1), 123; doi:10.3390/ijms17010123

Technological Implications of Modifying the Extent of Cell Wall-Proanthocyanidin Interactions Using Enzymes

1
Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Veterinary, University of Murcia, 30071 Murcia, Spain
2
Université de Tunis El Manar, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, 2092 Tunis, Tunisia
3
LIP-MB, National Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology (INSAT), University of Carthage, 2046 Tunis, Tunisia
4
Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Universidad de las Américas Puebla, Alimentos y Ambiental, Sta. Catarina Mártir, 72810 San Andrés Cholula, Puebla, México
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paula Andrade and Patrícia Valentão
Received: 16 December 2015 / Revised: 8 January 2016 / Accepted: 11 January 2016 / Published: 18 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phenolics and Polyphenolics 2015)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [882 KB, uploaded 18 January 2016]   |  

Abstract

The transference and reactivity of proanthocyanidins is an important issue that affects the technological processing of some fruits, such as grapes and apples. These processes are affected by proanthocyanidins bound to cell wall polysaccharides, which are present in high concentrations during the processing of the fruits. Therefore, the effective extraction of proanthocyanidins from fruits to their juices or derived products will depend on the ability to manage these associations, and, in this respect, enzymes that degrade these polysaccharides could play an important role. The main objective of this work was to test the role of pure hydrolytic enzymes (polygalacturonase and cellulose) and a commercial enzyme containing these two activities on the extent of proanthocyanidin-cell wall interactions. The results showed that the modification promoted by enzymes reduced the amount of proanthocyanidins adsorbed to cell walls since they contributed to the degradation and release of the cell wall polysaccharides, which diffused into the model solution. Some of these released polysaccharides also presented some reactivity towards the proanthocyanidins present in a model solution. View Full-Text
Keywords: proanthocyanidin; tannins; cell wall; enzymes; polysaccharides; phloroglucionolysis; size exclusion chromatography; polygalacturonase; cellulase proanthocyanidin; tannins; cell wall; enzymes; polysaccharides; phloroglucionolysis; size exclusion chromatography; polygalacturonase; cellulase
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Bautista-Ortín, A.B.; Ben Abdallah, R.; Castro-López, L.R.; Jiménez-Martínez, M.D.; Gómez-Plaza, E. Technological Implications of Modifying the Extent of Cell Wall-Proanthocyanidin Interactions Using Enzymes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 123.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top