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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(4), 5337-5349; doi:10.3390/ijms15045337
Article

Swelling and Shrinking Properties of Thermo-Responsive Polymeric Ionic Liquid Hydrogels with Embedded Linear pNIPAAM

1
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Received: 27 January 2014; in revised form: 19 March 2014 / Accepted: 24 March 2014 / Published: 27 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ionic Liquids 2014 & Selected Papers from ILMAT 2013)
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Abstract: In this study, varying concentrations of linear pNIPAAM have been incorporated for the first time into a thermo-responsive polymeric ionic liquid (PIL) hydrogel, namely tributyl-hexyl phosphonium 3-sulfopropylacrylate (P-SPA), to produce semi-interpenetrating polymer networks. The thermal properties of the resulting hydrogels have been investigated along with their thermo-induced shrinking and reswelling capabilities. The semi-interpenetrating networks (IPN) hydrogels were found to have improved shrinking and reswelling properties compared with their PIL counterpart. At elevated temperatures (50–80 °C), it was found that the semi-IPN with the highest concentration of hydrophobic pNIPAAM exhibited the highest shrinking percentage of ~40% compared to the conventional P-SPA, (27%). This trend was also found to occur for the reswelling measurements, with semi-IPN hydrogels producing the highest reswelling percentage of ~67%, with respect to its contracted state. This was attributed to an increase in water affinity due to the presence of hydrophilic pNIPAAM. Moreover, the presence of linear pNIPAAM in the polymer matrix leads to improved shrinking and reswelling response compared to the equivalent PIL.
Keywords: polymeric ionic liquids; ionic liquid; pNIPAAM; thermo-response; swelling; IPNs polymeric ionic liquids; ionic liquid; pNIPAAM; thermo-response; swelling; IPNs
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gallagher, S.; Florea, L.; Fraser, K.J.; Diamond, D. Swelling and Shrinking Properties of Thermo-Responsive Polymeric Ionic Liquid Hydrogels with Embedded Linear pNIPAAM. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 5337-5349.

AMA Style

Gallagher S, Florea L, Fraser KJ, Diamond D. Swelling and Shrinking Properties of Thermo-Responsive Polymeric Ionic Liquid Hydrogels with Embedded Linear pNIPAAM. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(4):5337-5349.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gallagher, Simon; Florea, Larisa; Fraser, Kevin J.; Diamond, Dermot. 2014. "Swelling and Shrinking Properties of Thermo-Responsive Polymeric Ionic Liquid Hydrogels with Embedded Linear pNIPAAM." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 4: 5337-5349.



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