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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14(9), 17477-17500; doi:10.3390/ijms140917477
Review

Quorum Quenching Enzymes and Their Application in Degrading Signal Molecules to Block Quorum Sensing-Dependent Infection

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Received: 31 May 2013; in revised form: 23 July 2013 / Accepted: 16 August 2013 / Published: 26 August 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quorum Sensing Research in Microbial Systems)
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Abstract: With the emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria, the available options for treating bacterial infections have become very limited, and the search for a novel general antibacterial therapy has received much greater attention. Quorum quenching can be used to control disease in a quorum sensing system by triggering the pathogenic phenotype. The interference with the quorum sensing system by the quorum quenching enzyme is a potential strategy for replacing traditional antibiotics because the quorum quenching strategy does not aim to kill the pathogen or limit cell growth but to shut down the expression of the pathogenic gene. Quorum quenching enzymes have been identified in quorum sensing and non-quorum sensing microbes, including lactonase, acylase, oxidoreductase and paraoxonase. Lactonase is widely conserved in a range of bacterial species and has variable substrate spectra. The existence of quorum quenching enzymes in the quorum sensing microbes can attenuate their quorum sensing, leading to blocking unnecessary gene expression and pathogenic phenotypes. In this review, we discuss the physiological function of quorum quenching enzymes in bacterial infection and elucidate the enzymatic protection in quorum sensing systems for host diseases and their application in resistance against microbial diseases.
Keywords: quorum sensing; quorum quenching; lactonase; acylase; acyl homoserine lactone; specificity quorum sensing; quorum quenching; lactonase; acylase; acyl homoserine lactone; specificity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, F.; Gao, Y.; Chen, X.; Yu, Z.; Li, X. Quorum Quenching Enzymes and Their Application in Degrading Signal Molecules to Block Quorum Sensing-Dependent Infection. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 17477-17500.

AMA Style

Chen F, Gao Y, Chen X, Yu Z, Li X. Quorum Quenching Enzymes and Their Application in Degrading Signal Molecules to Block Quorum Sensing-Dependent Infection. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(9):17477-17500.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Fang; Gao, Yuxin; Chen, Xiaoyi; Yu, Zhimin; Li, Xianzhen. 2013. "Quorum Quenching Enzymes and Their Application in Degrading Signal Molecules to Block Quorum Sensing-Dependent Infection." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 9: 17477-17500.



Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert