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Role of EZH2 in the Growth of Prostate Cancer Stem Cells Isolated from LNCaP Cells
Department of Urology, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510120, China
Key Laboratory of Malignant Tumor Gene Regulation and Target Therapy of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510120, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 February 2013; in revised form: 22 May 2013 / Accepted: 29 May 2013 / Published: 5 June 2013
Abstract: Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) plays a crucial role in embryonic and somatic stem cells for their proliferation and differentiation. However, the roles and underlying mechanisms of EZH2 in prostate cancer stem cells (PCSCs) remain unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effects of EZH2 on PCSCs. PCSCs were isolated from the human prostate cancer cell line LNcap by fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS). EZH2 expression was compared between PCSCs and non-PCSCs. The association between EZH2 function and PCSC growth was investigated using siRNA-mediated knock-down of EZH2. Cell growth was investigated by MTT, cell cycle and apoptosis of PCSCs were explored by flow cytometric analysis. Finally, the upstream pathway miRNA level was determined via a luciferase reporter assay, and the downstream pathway cycle regulators were examined via reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. The results showed that LNcap cell line comprised a greater proportion of CD44+/CD133+ cells by comparison to the PC-3 cell line. EZH2 was up-regulated in PCSCs compared with non-PCSCs. Silence of EZH2 inhibited cell growth and the cell cycle and promoted the progression of apoptosis. Furthermore, EZH2 was a direct target of miR-101 in PCSCs and EZH2’s mRNA levels were inversely correlated with miR-101 expression and cyclin E2 (a cell-cycle regulator) was suppressed by siEZH2. In conclusion, EZH2 is essential for PCSC growth, partly through a negative regulation by miR-101 and positively regulating cyclin E2.
Keywords: prostate cancer stem cells; enhancer of zeste homolog 2; miR-101; cyclin E2
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MDPI and ACS Style
Li, K.; Liu, C.; Zhou, B.; Bi, L.; Huang, H.; Lin, T.; Xu, K. Role of EZH2 in the Growth of Prostate Cancer Stem Cells Isolated from LNCaP Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 11981-11993.
Li K, Liu C, Zhou B, Bi L, Huang H, Lin T, Xu K. Role of EZH2 in the Growth of Prostate Cancer Stem Cells Isolated from LNCaP Cells. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(6):11981-11993.
Li, Kuiqing; Liu, Cheng; Zhou, Bangfen; Bi, Liangkuan; Huang, Hai; Lin, Tianxin; Xu, Kewei. 2013. "Role of EZH2 in the Growth of Prostate Cancer Stem Cells Isolated from LNCaP Cells." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 6: 11981-11993.