Abstract: To investigate the therapeutic effect of different doses of low energy shock wave therapy (LESWT) on the erectile dysfunction (ED) in streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats. SD rats (n = 75) were randomly divided into 5 groups (normal control, diabetic control, 3 different dose LESWT treated diabetic groups). Diabetic rats were induced by intra-peritoneal injection of STZ (60 mg/kg) and rats with fasting blood glucose ≥ 300 mg/dL were selected as diabetic models. Twelve weeks later, different doses of LESWT (100, 200 and 300 shocks each time) treatment on penises were used to treat ED (7.33 MPa, 2 shocks/s) three times a week for two weeks. The erectile function was evaluated by intracavernous pressure (ICP) after 1 week washout period. Then the penises were harvested for histological study. The results showed LESWT could significantly improve the erectile function of diabetic rats, increase smooth muscle and endothelial contents, up-regulate the expression of α-SMA, vWF, nNOS and VEGF, and down- regulate the expression of RAGE in corpus cavernosum. The therapeutic effect might relate to treatment dose positively, and the maximal therapeutic effect was noted in the LESWT300 group. Consequently, 300 shocks each time might be the ideal LESWT dose for diabetic ED treatment.
Keywords: erectile dysfunction; diabetes mellitus; low energy shock wave therapy; corpus cavernosum
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Liu, J.; Zhou, F.; Li, G.-Y.; Wang, L.; Li, H.-X.; Bai, G.-Y.; Guan, R.-L.; Xu, Y.-D.; Gao, Z.-Z.; Tian, W.-J.; Xin, Z.-C. Evaluation of the Effect of Different Doses of Low Energy Shock Wave Therapy on the Erectile Function of Streptozotocin (STZ)-Induced Diabetic Rats. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2013, 14, 10661-10673.
Liu J, Zhou F, Li G-Y, Wang L, Li H-X, Bai G-Y, Guan R-L, Xu Y-D, Gao Z-Z, Tian W-J, Xin Z-C. Evaluation of the Effect of Different Doses of Low Energy Shock Wave Therapy on the Erectile Function of Streptozotocin (STZ)-Induced Diabetic Rats. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2013; 14(5):10661-10673.
Liu, Jing; Zhou, Feng; Li, Guang-Yong; Wang, Lin; Li, Hui-Xi; Bai, Guang-Yi; Guan, Rui-Li; Xu, Yong-De; Gao, Ze-Zhu; Tian, Wen-Jie; Xin, Zhong-Cheng. 2013. "Evaluation of the Effect of Different Doses of Low Energy Shock Wave Therapy on the Erectile Function of Streptozotocin (STZ)-Induced Diabetic Rats." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 14, no. 5: 10661-10673.