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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(10), 13012-13029; doi:10.3390/ijms131013012
Article

Transcriptomic Analysis of Phenotypic Changes in Birch (Betula platyphylla) Autotetraploids

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Received: 19 August 2012 / Revised: 30 September 2012 / Accepted: 30 September 2012 / Published: 11 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Molecular Plant Biology)
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Abstract

Plant breeders have focused much attention on polyploid trees because of their importance to forestry. To evaluate the impact of intraspecies genome duplication on the transcriptome, a series of Betula platyphylla autotetraploids and diploids were generated from four full-sib families. The phenotypes and transcriptomes of these autotetraploid individuals were compared with those of diploid trees. Autotetraploids were generally superior in breast-height diameter, volume, leaf, fruit and stoma and were generally inferior in height compared to diploids. Transcriptome data revealed numerous changes in gene expression attributable to autotetraploidization, which resulted in the upregulation of 7052 unigenes and the downregulation of 3658 unigenes. Pathway analysis revealed that the biosynthesis and signal transduction of indoleacetate (IAA) and ethylene were altered after genome duplication, which may have contributed to phenotypic changes. These results shed light on variations in birch autotetraploidization and help identify important genes for the genetic engineering of birch trees.
Keywords: Betula platyphylla; autotetraploid; phenotype; transcriptome Betula platyphylla; autotetraploid; phenotype; transcriptome
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Mu, H.-Z.; Liu, Z.-J.; Lin, L.; Li, H.-Y.; Jiang, J.; Liu, G.-F. Transcriptomic Analysis of Phenotypic Changes in Birch (Betula platyphylla) Autotetraploids. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 13012-13029.

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