Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(5), 3322-3339; doi:10.3390/ijms12053322
Article

Behavior of Phenols and Phenoxyacids on a Bisphenol-A Imprinted Polymer. Application for Selective Solid-Phase Extraction from Water and Urine Samples

1email, 2email and 2,* email
Received: 25 January 2011; in revised form: 8 March 2011 / Accepted: 10 May 2011 / Published: 20 May 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Imprinting Science and Technology)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: A molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP), obtained by precipitation polymerisation with 4-vinylpyridine as the functional monomer, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as cross-linker, and bisphenol-A (BPA) as template, was prepared. The binding site configuration of the BPA-MIP was examined using Scatchard analysis. Moreover, the behaviour of the BPA-MIP for the extraction of several phenolic compounds (bisphenol-A, bisphenol-F, 4-nitrophenol, 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol) and phenoxyacid herbicides such as 2,4-D, 2,4,5-T and 2,4,5-TP has been studied in organic and aqueous media in the presence of other pesticides in common use. It was possible to carry out the selective preconcentration of the target analytes from the organic medium with recoveries of higher than 70%. In an aqueous medium, hydrophobic interactions were found to exert a remarkably non-specific contribution to the overall binding process. Several parameters affecting the extraction efficiency of the BPA-MIP were evaluated to achieve the selective preconcentration of phenols and phenoxyacids from aqueous samples. The possibility of using the BPA-MIP as a selective sorbent to preconcentrate these compounds from other samples such as urine and river water was also explored.
Keywords: molecularly imprinted polymer; precipitation polymerisation; Scatchard analysis; bisphenol-A; phenolic compounds; phenoxyacid herbicides
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MDPI and ACS Style

Herrero-Hernández, E.; Carabias-Martínez, R.; Rodríguez-Gonzalo, E. Behavior of Phenols and Phenoxyacids on a Bisphenol-A Imprinted Polymer. Application for Selective Solid-Phase Extraction from Water and Urine Samples. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 3322-3339.

AMA Style

Herrero-Hernández E, Carabias-Martínez R, Rodríguez-Gonzalo E. Behavior of Phenols and Phenoxyacids on a Bisphenol-A Imprinted Polymer. Application for Selective Solid-Phase Extraction from Water and Urine Samples. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(5):3322-3339.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Herrero-Hernández, Eliseo; Carabias-Martínez, Rita; Rodríguez-Gonzalo, Encarnacion. 2011. "Behavior of Phenols and Phenoxyacids on a Bisphenol-A Imprinted Polymer. Application for Selective Solid-Phase Extraction from Water and Urine Samples." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 5: 3322-3339.

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