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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11(12), 5095-5108; doi:10.3390/ijms11125095

Rhamnolipid Biosurfactants as New Players in Animal and Plant Defense against Microbes

Reims Champagne-Ardenne University, URVVC-SE-EA 2069, stress, defense and plant reproduction laboratory, BP 1039, F-51687 Reims cedex 2, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 November 2010 / Revised: 15 November 2010 / Accepted: 1 December 2010 / Published: 9 December 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biosurfactants)
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Rhamnolipids are known as very efficient biosurfactant molecules. They are used in a wide range of industrial applications including food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical formulations and bioremediation of pollutants. The present review provides an overview of the effect of rhamnolipids in animal and plant defense responses. We describe the current knowledge on the stimulation of plant and animal immunity by these molecules, as well as on their direct antimicrobial properties. Given their ecological acceptance owing to their low toxicity and biodegradability, rhamnolipids have the potential to be useful molecules in medicine and to be part of alternative strategies in order to reduce or replace pesticides in agriculture.
Keywords: rhamnolipids; plant immunity; animal immunity; antimicrobial properties rhamnolipids; plant immunity; animal immunity; antimicrobial properties
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Vatsa, P.; Sanchez, L.; Clement, C.; Baillieul, F.; Dorey, S. Rhamnolipid Biosurfactants as New Players in Animal and Plant Defense against Microbes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 5095-5108.

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