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Rhamnolipid Biosurfactants as New Players in Animal and Plant Defense against Microbes
Reims Champagne-Ardenne University, URVVC-SE-EA 2069, stress, defense and plant reproduction laboratory, BP 1039, F-51687 Reims cedex 2, France
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Received: 1 November 2010; in revised form: 15 November 2010 / Accepted: 1 December 2010 / Published: 9 December 2010
Abstract: Rhamnolipids are known as very efficient biosurfactant molecules. They are used in a wide range of industrial applications including food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical formulations and bioremediation of pollutants. The present review provides an overview of the effect of rhamnolipids in animal and plant defense responses. We describe the current knowledge on the stimulation of plant and animal immunity by these molecules, as well as on their direct antimicrobial properties. Given their ecological acceptance owing to their low toxicity and biodegradability, rhamnolipids have the potential to be useful molecules in medicine and to be part of alternative strategies in order to reduce or replace pesticides in agriculture.
Keywords: rhamnolipids; plant immunity; animal immunity; antimicrobial properties
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Vatsa, P.; Sanchez, L.; Clement, C.; Baillieul, F.; Dorey, S. Rhamnolipid Biosurfactants as New Players in Animal and Plant Defense against Microbes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 5095-5108.
Vatsa P, Sanchez L, Clement C, Baillieul F, Dorey S. Rhamnolipid Biosurfactants as New Players in Animal and Plant Defense against Microbes. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2010; 11(12):5095-5108.
Vatsa, Parul; Sanchez, Lisa; Clement, Christophe; Baillieul, Fabienne; Dorey, Stephan. 2010. "Rhamnolipid Biosurfactants as New Players in Animal and Plant Defense against Microbes." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 11, no. 12: 5095-5108.