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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10(2), 656-673; doi:10.3390/ijms10020656
Review

Quantum Dots — Characterization, Preparation and Usage in Biological Systems

1,* , 2
, 2
 and 1
Received: 8 January 2009; in revised form: 13 February 2009 / Accepted: 18 February 2009 / Published: 20 February 2009
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Abstract: The use of fluorescent nanoparticles as probes for bioanalytical applications is a highly promising technique because fluorescence-based techniques are very sensitive. Quantum dots (QDs) seem to show the greatest promise as labels for tagging and imaging in biological systems owing to their impressive photostability, which allow long-term observations of biomolecules. The usage of QDs in practical applications has started only recently, therefore, the research on QDs is extremely important in order to provide safe and effective biosensing materials for medicine. This review reports on the recent methods for the preparation of quantum dots, their physical and chemical properties, surface modification as well as on some interesting examples of their experimental use.
Keywords: Quantum dots; biosensing; biolabeling; template methods; TiO2 Quantum dots; biosensing; biolabeling; template methods; TiO2
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Drbohlavova, J.; Adam, V.; Kizek, R.; Hubalek, J. Quantum Dots — Characterization, Preparation and Usage in Biological Systems. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10, 656-673.

AMA Style

Drbohlavova J, Adam V, Kizek R, Hubalek J. Quantum Dots — Characterization, Preparation and Usage in Biological Systems. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2009; 10(2):656-673.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Drbohlavova, Jana; Adam, Vojtech; Kizek, Rene; Hubalek, Jaromir. 2009. "Quantum Dots — Characterization, Preparation and Usage in Biological Systems." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 10, no. 2: 656-673.



Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert