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Molecules 2018, 23(7), 1676; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23071676

The Current Status of Heterogeneous Palladium Catalysed Heck and Suzuki Cross-Coupling Reactions

1
Catalysis Research Group, School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Durban 4000, South Africa
2
School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Varsity Drive, Durban 4001, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 May 2018 / Revised: 22 June 2018 / Accepted: 23 June 2018 / Published: 10 July 2018

Abstract

In the last 30 years, C–C cross coupling reactions have become a reliable technique in organic synthesis due their versatility and efficiency. While drawbacks have been experienced on an industrial scale with the use of homogenous systems, many attempts have been made to facilitate a heterogeneous renaissance. Thus, this review gives an overview of the current status of the use of heterogeneous catalysts particularly in Suzuki and Heck reactions. Most recent developments focus on palladium immobilised or supported on various classes of supports, thus this review highlights and discuss contributions of the last decade. View Full-Text
Keywords: C–C cross coupling; Heck cross-coupling; Suzuki cross-coupling; heterogeneous palladium catalysis C–C cross coupling; Heck cross-coupling; Suzuki cross-coupling; heterogeneous palladium catalysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Mpungose, P.P.; Vundla, Z.P.; Maguire, G.E.M.; Friedrich, H.B. The Current Status of Heterogeneous Palladium Catalysed Heck and Suzuki Cross-Coupling Reactions. Molecules 2018, 23, 1676.

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