Next Article in Journal
Formation of 6-, 8- and 10-Shogaol in Ginger through Application of Different Drying Methods: Altered Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activity
Next Article in Special Issue
Therapeutic Potential of Brazilian Cerrado Campomanesia Species on Metabolic Dysfunctions
Previous Article in Journal
Discovery of Matrinic Thiadiazole Derivatives as a Novel Family of Anti-Liver Fibrosis Agents via Repression of the TGFβ/Smad Pathway
Previous Article in Special Issue
Phytochemicals: Target-Based Therapeutic Strategies for Diabetic Retinopathy
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Molecules 2018, 23(7), 1645; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23071645

The Chemical Composition and Functional Properties of Essential Oils from Four Species of Schisandra Growing Wild in the Qinling Mountains, China

1,2,3
,
2,3
,
2,3
,
2,3
and
1,2,3,*
1
National Engineering Laboratory for Resource Development of Endangered Crude Drugs in Northwest of China, College of Life Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China
2
The Key Laboratory of Medicinal Resources and Natural Pharmaceutical Chemistry, The Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China
3
College of Life Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 June 2018 / Revised: 23 June 2018 / Accepted: 30 June 2018 / Published: 5 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Medicinal Plants and Diabetes)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1632 KB, uploaded 5 July 2018]   |  

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the chemical composition and functional properties of the essential oils from the plants Schisandra grandiflora (Wall.) Hook. f. et Thoms, Schisandra rubriflora (Franch). Rehd. et Wils., Schisandra sphenanthera Rehd. et Wils., and Schisandra propinqua (Wall.) Baill var. sinensis Oliv. collected in the Qinling Mountains. Under the optimum conditions of the ultrasonic-assisted extraction method, the extraction yields were 7.51% (S. grandiflora), 6.91% (S. rubriflora), 6.11% (S. sphenanthera), and 5.88% (S. propinqua). A total of 86 components were identified from four species of Schisandra and 16 components were shared among the essential oils of all samples with different contents. However, some components were identified only in a certain plant, for example, β-caryophyllen (S. grandiflora), α-bulnesene (S. rubriflora), and α-Chamigrene (S. propinqua). Terpenoids (sesquiterpenes and oxygenated sesquiterpenes), accounting for 73.87–82.08% of the total compounds, were the main components. Meanwhile, the antioxidant activities of the essential oils were evaluated through three free radical scavenging assays and a reducing power assay, which were related to the contents of the individual bioactive composition. These results provide a phytochemical foundation for the use of four species, and for the further study of the identification of Schisandra species. View Full-Text
Keywords: Schisandra; essential oils; ultrasonic-assisted extraction; antioxidant activity Schisandra; essential oils; ultrasonic-assisted extraction; antioxidant activity
Figures

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, X.; Liu, Y.; Niu, Y.; Wang, N.; Gu, W. The Chemical Composition and Functional Properties of Essential Oils from Four Species of Schisandra Growing Wild in the Qinling Mountains, China. Molecules 2018, 23, 1645.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top