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Molecules 2017, 22(6), 960; doi:10.3390/molecules22060960

Isoprenoids Production from Lipid-Extracted Microalgal Biomass Residues Using Engineered E. coli

Key Lab of Applied Mycology, College of Life Sciences, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao 266109, China
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Academic Editors: Robert M. Coates and Derek J. McPhee
Received: 20 April 2017 / Revised: 1 June 2017 / Accepted: 7 June 2017 / Published: 9 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Isoprenoid Biosynthesis)
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Abstract

Microalgae are recognized as a third generation feedstock for biofuel production due to their rapid growth rates and lignin-free characteristics. In this study, a lipid extracted microalgal biomass residues was used as the raw material to produce isoprene, α-pinene and β-pinene with an engineered E. coli strain. We adopted an optimal sulfuric acid hydrolysis method (1:7 ratio of solid to acid solution, 32% (w/v) concentration of sulfuric acid solution at 90 °C for 90 min) to efficiently convert holocellulose into glucose efficiently (6.37 g/L). Futhermore, we explored a novel detoxification strategy (phosphoric acid/calcium hydroxide) to remove inhibitors and notably acetic acid, furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) were reduced by 5.32%, different number given later 99.19% and 98.22%, respectively. Finally, the fermentation concentrations of isoprene (223.23 mg/L), α-pinene (382.21 μg/L) and β-pinene (17.4 mg/L) were achieved using the detoxified hydrolysate as the carbon source, equivalent to approximately 86.02%, 90.16% and 88.32% of those produced by the engineered E. coli strain fermented on pure glucose, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: lipid extracted microalgae; isoprenoids; detoxification lipid extracted microalgae; isoprenoids; detoxification
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Wang, S.; Yang, J. Isoprenoids Production from Lipid-Extracted Microalgal Biomass Residues Using Engineered E. coli. Molecules 2017, 22, 960.

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