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Molecules 2017, 22(6), 911; doi:10.3390/molecules22060911

Systematic Review of Chemical Constituents in the Genus Lycium (Solanaceae)

1
Experimental Research Center, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China
2
The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs, National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China
3
School of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 27 April 2017 / Revised: 5 June 2017 / Accepted: 5 June 2017 / Published: 8 June 2017

Abstract

The Lycium genus is widely used as a traditional Chinese medicine and functional food. Many of the chemical constituents of the genus Lycium were reported previously. In this review, in addition to the polysaccharides, we have enumerated 355 chemical constituents and nutrients, including 22 glycerogalactolipids, 29 phenylpropanoids, 10 coumarins, 13 lignans, 32 flavonoids, 37 amides, 72 alkaloids, four anthraquinones, 32 organic acids, 39 terpenoids, 57 sterols, steroids, and their derivatives, five peptides and three other constituents. This comprehensive study could lay the foundation for further research on the Lycium genus. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lycium genus; chemical constituents; goji berry; Lycii cortex Lycium genus; chemical constituents; goji berry; Lycii cortex
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Qian, D.; Zhao, Y.; Yang, G.; Huang, L. Systematic Review of Chemical Constituents in the Genus Lycium (Solanaceae). Molecules 2017, 22, 911.

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