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Molecules 2017, 22(2), 234; doi:10.3390/molecules22020234

Characterization of Polysaccharides with Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective Activities from the Edible Mushroom Oudemansiella radicata

1
Institute of Plant Nutrition, Agricultural Resources and Environmental Science, Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhengzhou 450002, China
2
State Key Laboratory for Agrobiotechnology, Department of Microbiology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
3
Department of Fungal Resource, College of Plant Protection, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an 271018, China
4
College of Food Science and Engineering, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801, China
5
School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong 999077, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Quan-Bin Han, Sunan Wang and Shaoping Nie
Received: 16 December 2016 / Revised: 22 January 2017 / Accepted: 31 January 2017 / Published: 4 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Polysaccharides)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2181 KB, uploaded 4 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

The preliminary structure, in vitro antioxidant and in vivo hepatoprotective activities of water-soluble polysaccharides (ORWP) and alkali-soluble polysaccharides (ORAP), prepared from the mushroom Oudemansiella radicata, were investigated. Both ORWP and ORAP were heteropolysaccharides with mannose, glucose and galactose being the main monosaccharide components. Regarding the antioxidant activities, ORWP and ORAP showed effective 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity and lipid peroxidation inhibitory effects, as well as moderate reducing power and Fe2+ chelating activity. For the hepatoprotective activity, administration of ORWP and ORAP prevented the increase in serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase activities in a carbon tetrachloride-induced acute liver damage model, suppressed hepatic malondialdehyde formation and stimulated the activities of hepatic superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase. Thus, we speculate that ORWP and ORAP may protect the liver from CCl4-induced hepatic damage via antioxidant mechanisms. View Full-Text
Keywords: antioxidant; hepatoprotective; Oudemansiella radicata; polysaccharides antioxidant; hepatoprotective; Oudemansiella radicata; polysaccharides
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Liu, Q.; Zhu, M.; Geng, X.; Wang, H.; Ng, T.B. Characterization of Polysaccharides with Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective Activities from the Edible Mushroom Oudemansiella radicata. Molecules 2017, 22, 234.

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