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Molecules 2017, 22(1), 50; doi:10.3390/molecules22010050

Formation and Physiochemical Properties of Silver Nanoparticles with Various Exopolysaccharides of a Medicinal Fungus in Aqueous Solution

1
Department of Applied Biology & Chemical Technology, State Key Laboratory of Chinese Medicine and Molecular Pharmacology in Shenzhen, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
2
Department of Medical Technology, Xiamen Medical College, Xiamen 361000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ecaterina Andronescu and Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Received: 25 October 2016 / Revised: 17 December 2016 / Accepted: 19 December 2016 / Published: 29 December 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4596 KB, uploaded 29 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Natural polysaccharides are the most widely used biopolymers for green synthesis of eco-friendly silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). In a previous study, a high molecular weight (MW) fraction of exopolysaccharides (EPS) produced by a medicinal fungus Cs-HK1 has been shown useful for green and facile synthesis of AgNPs in water. This study was to further evaluate the effects of molecular properties of EPS on the formation, stability and properties of AgNPs with different EPS fractions at various pH conditions. Three EPS fractions (P0.5, P2.0 and P5.0: MW high to low and protein content low to high) were reacted with silver nitrate at various pH 3.0–8.0 in water. The most favorable pH range was 5.5–8.0 for the formation and stable dispersion of AgNPs. At a given pH, the maximum amount of AgNPs was produced with P5.0, and the minimum with P0.5. The shape, size and physiochemical properties of AgNPs were strongly affected by the molecular characteristics of EPS (MW and conformation). The results may be helpful for understanding the factors and mechanisms for formation of stable AgNPs with natural polysaccharides and the interactions between AgNPs and the polysaccharide hydrocolloids in water. View Full-Text
Keywords: silver nanoparticle; fungal exopolysaccharide; molecular characteristics; pH; dispersion stability; molecular interactions silver nanoparticle; fungal exopolysaccharide; molecular characteristics; pH; dispersion stability; molecular interactions
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Jian, W.; Zhang, L.; Siu, K.-C.; Song, A.; Wu, J.-Y. Formation and Physiochemical Properties of Silver Nanoparticles with Various Exopolysaccharides of a Medicinal Fungus in Aqueous Solution. Molecules 2017, 22, 50.

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