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Molecules 2017, 22(1), 12; doi:10.3390/molecules22010012

Synthesis, Characterization, and Bactericidal Evaluation of Chitosan/Guanidine Functionalized Graphene Oxide Composites

1
College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
2
College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Krasimir Vasilev
Received: 21 November 2016 / Revised: 16 December 2016 / Accepted: 21 December 2016 / Published: 23 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antibacterial Materials and Coatings)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [10544 KB, uploaded 23 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

In response to the wide spread of microbial contamination induced by bacterial pathogens, the development of novel materials with excellent antibacterial activity is of great interest. In this study, novel antibacterial chitosan (CS) and polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride (PHGC) dual-polymer-functionalized graphene oxide (GO) (GO-CS-PHGC) composites were designed and easily fabricated. The as-prepared materials were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Raman spectroscopy. Their antibacterial capability towards bacterial strains was also studied by incubating both Gram-negative bacteria and Gram-positive bacteria in their presence. More significantly, the synergistic antibacterial action of the three components was assayed, and the findings implied that the as-prepared GO-CS-PHGC shows enhanced antibacterial activity when compared to its single components (GO, CS, PHGC or CS-PHGC) and the mixture of individual components. Not only Gram-negative bacteria but also Gram-positive bacteria are greatly inhibited by GO-CS-PHGC composites. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of GO-CS-PHGC against E. coli was 32 μg/mL. With the powerful antibacterial activity as well as its low cost and facile preparation, GO-CS-PHGC has potential applications as a novel antibacterial agent in a wide range of biomedical uses. View Full-Text
Keywords: graphene oxide; chitosan; polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride; antibacterial activity graphene oxide; chitosan; polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride; antibacterial activity
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Li, P.; Gao, Y.; Sun, Z.; Chang, D.; Gao, G.; Dong, A. Synthesis, Characterization, and Bactericidal Evaluation of Chitosan/Guanidine Functionalized Graphene Oxide Composites. Molecules 2017, 22, 12.

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