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Molecules 2016, 21(12), 1752; doi:10.3390/molecules21121752

Comparative Study on the Characteristics of Weissella cibaria CMU and Probiotic Strains for Oral Care

1
Division of Strategic Food Research, Korea Food Research Institute (KFRI), 1201-62 Anyangpangyo-ro, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do 13539, Korea
2
Oradentics Co., Ltd., 3F KM Building 23, Teheran-ro 77-gil, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 06157, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Krasimir Vasilev
Received: 4 October 2016 / Revised: 9 December 2016 / Accepted: 13 December 2016 / Published: 20 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antibacterial Materials and Coatings)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [562 KB, uploaded 20 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Probiotics have been demonstrated as a new paradigm to substitute antibiotic treatment for dental caries, gingivitis, and chronic periodontitis. The present work was conducted to compare the characteristics of oral care probiotics: Weissella cibaria CMU (Chonnam Medical University) and four commercial probiotic strains. Survival rates under poor oral conditions, acid production, hydrogen peroxide production, as well as inhibition of biofilm formation, coaggregation, antibacterial activity, and inhibition of volatile sulfur compounds were evaluated. The viability of W. cibaria CMU was not affected by treatment of 100 mg/L lysozyme for 90 min and 1 mM hydrogen peroxide for 6 h. Interestingly, W. cibaria produced less acid and more hydrogen peroxide than the other four probiotics. W. cibaria inhibited biofilm formation by Streptococcus mutans at lower concentrations (S. mutans/CMU = 8) and efficiently coaggregated with Fusobacterium nucleatum. W. cibaria CMU and two commercial probiotics, including Lactobacillus salivarius and Lactobacillus reuteri, showed high antibacterial activities (>97%) against cariogens (S. mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus), and against periodontopathogens (F. nucleatum and Porphyromonas gingivalis). All of the lactic acid bacterial strains in this study significantly reduced levels of hydrogen sulfide and methyl mercaptan produced by F. nucleatum and P. gingivalis (p < 0.05). These results suggest that W. cibaria CMU is applicable as an oral care probiotic. View Full-Text
Keywords: Weissella cibaria; probiotics; oral care; hydrogen peroxide; biofilm; antibacterial; volatile sulfur compound Weissella cibaria; probiotics; oral care; hydrogen peroxide; biofilm; antibacterial; volatile sulfur compound
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jang, H.-J.; Kang, M.-S.; Yi, S.-H.; Hong, J.-Y.; Hong, S.-P. Comparative Study on the Characteristics of Weissella cibaria CMU and Probiotic Strains for Oral Care. Molecules 2016, 21, 1752.

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