Next Article in Journal
Ptaquiloside in Irish Bracken Ferns and Receiving Waters, with Implications for Land Managers
Next Article in Special Issue
Efficient Synthesis of the Lewis A Tandem Repeat
Previous Article in Journal
Introducing Thermal Wave Transport Analysis (TWTA): A Thermal Technique for Dopamine Detection by Screen-Printed Electrodes Functionalized with Molecularly Imprinted Polymer (MIP) Particles
Previous Article in Special Issue
An Unusual Carbohydrate Conformation is Evident in Moraxella catarrhalis Oligosaccharides
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Molecules 2016, 21(5), 551; doi:10.3390/molecules21050551

Polysaccharides from the Marine Environment with Pharmacological, Cosmeceutical and Nutraceutical Potential

1
Department of Biology and Evolution of Marine Organisms, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, 80121 Napoli, Italy
2
Department of Biology, University of Naples Federico II, Complesso Universitario di Monte Sant’Angelo, Via Cinthia, 80126 Napoli, Italy
3
Bio-Organic Chemistry Unit, Institute of Biomolecular Chemistry-CNR, Via Campi Flegrei 34, Pozzuoli, 80078 Naples, Italy
4
CROM, Istituto Nazionale Tumori “Fondazione G. Pascale”, IRCCS, 80131 Napoli, Italy
5
Dipartimento di Biochimica, Biofisica e Patologia Generale, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, 80131 Napoli, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vito Ferro
Received: 15 March 2016 / Revised: 18 April 2016 / Accepted: 22 April 2016 / Published: 27 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1058 KB, uploaded 27 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

Carbohydrates, also called saccharides, are molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. They are the most abundant biomolecules and essential components of many natural products and have attracted the attention of researchers because of their numerous human health benefits. Among carbohydrates the polysaccharides represent some of the most abundant bioactive substances in marine organisms. In fact, many marine macro- and microorganisms are good resources of carbohydrates with diverse applications due to their biofunctional properties. By acting on cell proliferation and cycle, and by modulating different metabolic pathways, marine polysaccharides (including mainly chitin, chitosan, fucoidan, carrageenan and alginate) also have numerous pharmaceutical activities, such as antioxidative, antibacterial, antiviral, immuno-stimulatory, anticoagulant and anticancer effects. Moreover, these polysaccharides have many general beneficial effects for human health, and have therefore been developed into potential cosmeceuticals and nutraceuticals. In this review we describe current advances in the development of marine polysaccharides for nutraceutical, cosmeceutical and pharmacological applications. Research in this field is opening new doors for harnessing the potential of marine natural products. View Full-Text
Keywords: cosmeceutics; marine polysaccharides; nutraceutics; pharmaceutics cosmeceutics; marine polysaccharides; nutraceutics; pharmaceutics
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ruocco, N.; Costantini, S.; Guariniello, S.; Costantini, M. Polysaccharides from the Marine Environment with Pharmacological, Cosmeceutical and Nutraceutical Potential. Molecules 2016, 21, 551.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]

Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top