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Molecules 2016, 21(4), 416; doi:10.3390/molecules21040416

Sinigrin and Its Therapeutic Benefits

Centre of Excellence for Pharmaceutical Sciences, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa
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Academic Editor: Christopher W. K. Lam
Received: 30 January 2016 / Revised: 7 March 2016 / Accepted: 22 March 2016 / Published: 29 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Herbal Medicine Research)
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Abstract

Sinigrin (allyl-glucosinolate or 2-propenyl-glucosinolate) is a natural aliphatic glucosinolate present in plants of the Brassicaceae family, such as broccoli and brussels sprouts, and the seeds of Brassica nigra (mustard seeds) which contain high amounts of sinigrin. Since ancient times, mustard has been used by mankind for its culinary, as well as medicinal, properties. It has been systematically described and evaluated in the classical Ayurvedic texts. Studies conducted on the pharmacological activities of sinigrin have revealed anti-cancer, antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, wound healing properties and biofumigation. This current review will bring concise information about the known therapeutic activities of sinigrin. However, the information on known biological activities is very limited and, hence, further studies still need to be conducted and its molecular mechanisms also need to be explored. This review on the therapeutic benefits of sinigrin can summarize current knowledge about this unique phytocompounds. View Full-Text
Keywords: glucosinolates; sinigrin; anticancer; mustard; Brassicaceae family; myrosinase glucosinolates; sinigrin; anticancer; mustard; Brassicaceae family; myrosinase
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Mazumder, A.; Dwivedi, A.; du Plessis, J. Sinigrin and Its Therapeutic Benefits. Molecules 2016, 21, 416.

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