Influence of Thermal Treatment Conditions on the Properties of Dental Silicate Cements
AbstractIn this study the sol-gel process was used to synthesize a precursor mixture for the preparation of silicate cement, also called mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) cement. This mixture was thermally treated under two different conditions (1400 °C/2 h and 1450 °C/3 h) followed by rapid cooling in air. The resulted material (clinker) was ground for one hour in a laboratory planetary mill (v = 150 rot/min), in order to obtain the MTA cements. The setting time and mechanical properties, in vitro induction of apatite formation by soaking in simulated body fluid (SBF) and cytocompatibility of the MTA cements were assessed in this study. The hardening processes, nature of the reaction products and the microstructural characteristics were also investigated. The anhydrous and hydrated cements were characterized by different techniques e.g., X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and thermal analysis (DTA-DTG-TG). The setting time of the MTA cement obtained by thermal treatment at 1400 °C/2 h (MTA1) was 55 min and 15 min for the MTA cement obtained at 1450 °C/3 h (MTA2). The compressive strength values were 18.5 MPa (MTA1) and 22.9 MPa (MTA2). Both MTA cements showed good bioactivity (assessed by an in vitro test), good cytocompatibility and stimulatory effect on the proliferation of cells. View Full-Text
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Voicu, G.; Popa, A.M.; Badanoiu, A.I.; Iordache, F. Influence of Thermal Treatment Conditions on the Properties of Dental Silicate Cements. Molecules 2016, 21, 233.
Voicu G, Popa AM, Badanoiu AI, Iordache F. Influence of Thermal Treatment Conditions on the Properties of Dental Silicate Cements. Molecules. 2016; 21(2):233.Chicago/Turabian Style
Voicu, Georgeta; Popa, Alexandru M.; Badanoiu, Alina I.; Iordache, Florin. 2016. "Influence of Thermal Treatment Conditions on the Properties of Dental Silicate Cements." Molecules 21, no. 2: 233.
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