An Update on the Synthesis of Pyrrolo[1,4]benzodiazepines
AbstractPyrrolo[1,4]benzodiazepines are tricyclic compounds that are considered “privileged structures” since they possess a wide range of biological activities. The first encounter with these molecules was the isolation of anthramycin from cultures of Streptomyces, followed by determination of the X-ray crystal structure of the molecule and a study of its interaction with DNA. This opened up an intensive synthetic and biological study of the pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepines that has culminated in the development of the dimer SJG-136, at present in Phase II clinical trials. The synthetic efforts have brought to light some new synthetic methodology, while the contemporary work is focused on building trimeric pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepines linked together by various heterocyclic and aliphatic chains. It is the broad spectrum of biological activities of pyrrolo[1,2-a][1,4]benzodiazepines that has maintained the interest of researchers to date whereas several derivatives of the even less studied pyrrolo[1,2-d][1,4]benzodiazepines were found to be potent non-nucleoside HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors. The present review is an update on the synthesis of pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepines since the last major review of 2011, while the overview of the synthesis of the other two tricyclic isomers is comprehensive. View Full-Text
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Varvounis, G. An Update on the Synthesis of Pyrrolo[1,4]benzodiazepines. Molecules 2016, 21, 154.
Varvounis G. An Update on the Synthesis of Pyrrolo[1,4]benzodiazepines. Molecules. 2016; 21(2):154.Chicago/Turabian Style
Varvounis, George. 2016. "An Update on the Synthesis of Pyrrolo[1,4]benzodiazepines." Molecules 21, no. 2: 154.
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