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Molecules 2016, 21(2), 149; doi:10.3390/molecules21020149

Metabolite Profiling Reveals the Effect of Dietary Rubus coreanus Vinegar on Ovariectomy-Induced Osteoporosis in a Rat Model

1
Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Kon-Kuk University, Seoul 143-701, Korea
2
Fermented Food Science Division, Department of Agro-food Resource, National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration, Jeollabuk-do 565-851, Korea
3
Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University, Gyeonggi-do 446-791, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 10 December 2015 / Revised: 15 January 2016 / Accepted: 21 January 2016 / Published: 26 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Metabolites)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1916 KB, uploaded 26 January 2016]   |  

Abstract

The study was aimed at exploring the curative effects of Rubus coreanus (RC) vinegar against postmenopausal osteoporosis by using ovariectomized rats as a model. The investigations were performed in five groups: sham, ovariectomized (OVX) rats without treatment, low-dose RC vinegar (LRV)-treated OVX rats, high-dose RC vinegar (HRV)-treated OVX rats and alendronate (ALEN)-treated OVX rats. The efficacy of RC vinegar was evaluated using physical, biochemical, histological and metabolomic parameters. Compared to the OVX rats, the LRV and HRV groups showed positive effects on the aforementioned parameters, indicating estrogen regulation. Plasma metabolome analysis of the groups using gas chromatography-time of flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF-MS) and ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole-TOF-MS (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) with multivariate analysis revealed 19 and 16 metabolites, respectively. Notably, the levels of butyric acid, phenylalanine, glucose, tryptophan and some lysophosphatidylcholines were marginally increased in RC vinegar-treated groups compared to OVX. However, the pattern of metabolite levels in RC vinegar-treated groups was found similar to ALEN, but differed significantly from that in sham group. The results highlight the prophylactic and curative potential of dietary vinegar against postmenopausal osteoporosis. RC vinegar could be an effective natural alternative for the prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: osteoporosis; Rubus coreanus vinegar; ovariectomy; mass spectrometry; multivariate analysis osteoporosis; Rubus coreanus vinegar; ovariectomy; mass spectrometry; multivariate analysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, M.Y.; Kim, H.Y.; Singh, D.; Yeo, S.H.; Baek, S.Y.; Park, Y.K.; Lee, C.H. Metabolite Profiling Reveals the Effect of Dietary Rubus coreanus Vinegar on Ovariectomy-Induced Osteoporosis in a Rat Model. Molecules 2016, 21, 149.

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