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Molecules 2016, 21(12), 1653; doi:10.3390/molecules21121653

Carbon Nanodots as Peroxidase Nanozymes for Biosensing

1
Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, India
2
Department of Chemistry, Government Post Graduate College, Champawat, Uttarakhand 262523, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hui Wei
Received: 26 September 2016 / Revised: 10 November 2016 / Accepted: 22 November 2016 / Published: 2 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanozymes and Beyond)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5215 KB, uploaded 2 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

‘Nanozymes’, a term coined by Scrimin, Pasquato, and co-workers to describe nanomaterials with enzyme-like characteristics, represent an exciting and emerging research area in the field of artificial enzymes. Indubitably, the last decade has witnessed substantial advancements in the design of a variety of functional nanoscale materials, including metal oxides and carbon-based nanomaterials, which mimic the structures and functions of naturally occurring enzymes. Among these, carbon nanodots (C-dots) or carbon quantum dots (CQDs) offer huge potential due to their unique properties as compared to natural enzymes and/or classical artificial enzymes. In this mini review, we discuss the peroxidase-like catalytic activities of C-dots and their applications in biosensing. The scope intends to cover not only the C-dots but also graphene quantum dots (GQDs), doped C-dots/GQDs, carbon nitride dots, and C-dots/GQDs nanocomposites. Nevertheless, this mini review is designed to be illustrative, not comprehensive. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon nanodots; carbon quantum dots; graphene quantum dots; peroxidases; enzyme mimetics; photoluminescence; biosensors; tetramethylbenzidine; carbon nitride dots carbon nanodots; carbon quantum dots; graphene quantum dots; peroxidases; enzyme mimetics; photoluminescence; biosensors; tetramethylbenzidine; carbon nitride dots
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Garg, B.; Bisht, T. Carbon Nanodots as Peroxidase Nanozymes for Biosensing. Molecules 2016, 21, 1653.

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