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Molecules 2015, 20(1), 88-110; doi:10.3390/molecules20010088

Using Dyes for Evaluating Photocatalytic Properties: A Critical Review

Department of Chemical Engineering, Technion—Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 3200003, Israel
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pierre Pichat
Received: 11 November 2014 / Accepted: 12 December 2014 / Published: 23 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photocatalysis)
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Abstract

This brief review aims at analyzing the use of dyestuffs for evaluating the photocatalytic properties of novel photocatalysts. It is shown that the use of dyes as predictors for photocatalytic activity has its roots in the pre visible-light activity era, when the aim was to treat effluents streams containing hazardous dyes. The main conclusion of this review is that, in general, dyes are inappropriate as model compounds for the evaluation of photocatalytic activity of novel photocatalysts claimed to operate under visible light. Their main advantage, the ability to use UV-Vis spectroscopy, is severely limited by a variety of factors, most of which are related to the presence of other species. The presence of a second mechanism, sensitization, diminishes the generality required from a model contaminant used for testing a novel photocatalyst. While it is recommended not to use dyes for general testing of novel photocatalysts, it is still understandable that a model system consisting of a dye and a semiconductor can be of large importance if the degradation of a specific dye is the main aim of the research, or, alternatively, if the abilities of a specific dye to induce the degradation of a different type of contaminant are under study. View Full-Text
Keywords: photocatalysis; dyes; rhodamine B; sensitization photocatalysis; dyes; rhodamine B; sensitization
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Rochkind, M.; Pasternak, S.; Paz, Y. Using Dyes for Evaluating Photocatalytic Properties: A Critical Review. Molecules 2015, 20, 88-110.

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