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Molecules 2014, 19(12), 21424-21441; doi:10.3390/molecules191221424

Photocatalytic Oxidation of Diethyl Sulfide Vapor over TiO2-Based Composite Photocatalysts

1
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, pr. Ak. Lavrentieva 5, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
2
Novosibirsk State University, st. Pirogova 2, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
3
Research and Educational Centre for Energoefficient Catalysis (NSU), st. Pirogova 2, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 August 2014 / Revised: 4 December 2014 / Accepted: 12 December 2014 / Published: 19 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photocatalysis)
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Abstract

Composite TiO2/activated carbon (TiO2/AC) and TiO2/SiO2 photocatalysts with TiO2 contents in the 10 to 80 wt. % range were synthesized by the TiOSO4 thermal hydrolysis method and characterized by AES, BET, X-ray diffraction and FT-IR ATR methods. All TiO2 samples were in the anatase form, with a primary crystallite size of about 11 nm. The photocatalytic activities of the TiO2/AC and TiO2/SiO2 samples were tested in the gas-phase photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) reaction of diethyl sulfide (DES) vapor in a static reactor by the FT-IR in situ method. Acetaldehyde, formic acid, ethylene and SO2 were registered as the intermediate products which finally were completely oxidized to the final oxidation products – H2O, CO2, CO and SO42 ions. The influence of the support on the kinetics of DES PCO and on the TiO2/AC and TiO2/SiO2 samples’ stability during three long-term DES PCO cycles was investigated. The highest PCO rate was observed for TiO2/SiO2 photocatalysts. To evaluate the activity of photocatalysts the turnover frequency values (TOF) were calculated for three photocatalysts (TiO2, TiO2/AC and TiO2/SiO2) for the same amount of mineralized DES. It was demonstrated that the TOF value for composite TiO2/SiO2 photocatalysts was 3.5 times higher than for pure TiO2. View Full-Text
Keywords: photocatalysis; TiO2; activated carbon; silica; composite photocatalyst; diethyl sulfide photocatalysis; TiO2; activated carbon; silica; composite photocatalyst; diethyl sulfide
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Selishchev, D.; Kozlov, D. Photocatalytic Oxidation of Diethyl Sulfide Vapor over TiO2-Based Composite Photocatalysts. Molecules 2014, 19, 21424-21441.

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