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Molecules 2014, 19(9), 12909-12924; doi:10.3390/molecules190912909

Effects of Egg Yolk-Derived Peptide on Osteogenic Gene Expression and MAPK Activation

1
Department of Food & Biotechnology, Hanseo University, Seosan, Chungnam 356-706, Korea
2
College of Korean Medicine, Semyung University, Chungbuk 390-711, Korea
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 June 2014 / Revised: 7 August 2014 / Accepted: 12 August 2014 / Published: 25 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Peptide Chemistry)
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Abstract

The present study investigated the effects of egg yolk-derived peptide (YPEP) on osteogenic activities and MAPK-regulation of osteogenic gene expressions. The effects of YPEP on cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase activity, collagen synthesis, and mineralization were measured in human osteoblastic MG-63 cells. Activation of MAPKs and downstream transcription factors such as extracellular-signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1/2 (JNK1/2), p38, ELK1, and cJUN were examined using western blot analysis. YPEP dose-dependently increased MG-63 cell proliferation, ALP activity, collagen synthesis, and calcium deposition. YPEP activated ERK1/2, p38, and ELK1 phosphorylation whereas JNK and cJUN were not affected by YPEP. The COL1A1 (collagen, type I, alpha 1), ALPL (alkaline phosphatase), and SPP1 (secreted phosphoprotein 1, osteopontin) gene expressions were increased while BGLAP (osteocalcin) was not affected by YPEP. The ERK1/2 inhibitor (PD98509) blocked the YPEP-induced COL1A1 and ALPL gene expressions as well as ELK1 phosphorylation. The p38 inhibitor (SB203580) blocked YPEP-induced COL1A1 and ALPL gene expressions. SPP1 gene expression was not affected by these MAPK inhibitors. In conclusion, YPEP treatment stimulates the osteogenic differentiation via the MAPK/ELK1 signaling pathway. These results could provide a mechanistic explanation for the bone-strengthening effects of YPEP. View Full-Text
Keywords: egg yolk peptide; osteogenic gene; MAPK; MG-63 cell egg yolk peptide; osteogenic gene; MAPK; MG-63 cell
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, H.K.; Kim, M.-G.; Leem, K.-H. Effects of Egg Yolk-Derived Peptide on Osteogenic Gene Expression and MAPK Activation. Molecules 2014, 19, 12909-12924.

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