Intracellular Diagnostics: Hunting for the Mode of Action of Redox-Modulating Selenium Compounds in Selected Model Systems
AbstractRedox-modulating compounds derived from natural sources, such as redox active secondary metabolites, are currently of considerable interest in the field of chemoprevention, drug and phytoprotectant development. Unfortunately, the exact and occasionally even selective activity of such products, and the underlying (bio-)chemical causes thereof, are often only poorly understood. A combination of the nematode- and yeast-based assays provides a powerful platform to investigate a possible biological activity of a new compound and also to explore the “redox link” which may exist between its activity on the one side and its chemistry on the other. Here, we will demonstrate the usefulness of this platform for screening several selenium and tellurium compounds for their activity and action. We will also show how the nematode-based assay can be used to obtain information on compound uptake and distribution inside a multicellular organism, whilst the yeast-based system can be employed to explore possible intracellular mechanisms via chemogenetic screening and intracellular diagnostics. Whilst none of these simple and easy-to-use assays can ultimately substitute for in-depth studies in human cells and animals, these methods nonetheless provide a first glimpse on the possible biological activities of new compounds and offer direction for more complicated future investigations. They may also uncover some rather unpleasant biochemical actions of certain compounds, such as the ability of the trace element supplement selenite to induce DNA strand breaks. View Full-Text
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Mániková, D.; Letavayová, L.M.; Vlasáková, D.; Košík, P.; Estevam, E.C.; Nasim, M.J.; Gruhlke, M.; Slusarenko, A.; Burkholz, T.; Jacob, C.; Chovanec, M. Intracellular Diagnostics: Hunting for the Mode of Action of Redox-Modulating Selenium Compounds in Selected Model Systems. Molecules 2014, 19, 12258-12279.
Mániková D, Letavayová LM, Vlasáková D, Košík P, Estevam EC, Nasim MJ, Gruhlke M, Slusarenko A, Burkholz T, Jacob C, Chovanec M. Intracellular Diagnostics: Hunting for the Mode of Action of Redox-Modulating Selenium Compounds in Selected Model Systems. Molecules. 2014; 19(8):12258-12279.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mániková, Dominika; Letavayová, Lucia M.; Vlasáková, Danuša; Košík, Pavol; Estevam, Ethiene C.; Nasim, Muhammad J.; Gruhlke, Martin; Slusarenko, Alan; Burkholz, Torsten; Jacob, Claus; Chovanec, Miroslav. 2014. "Intracellular Diagnostics: Hunting for the Mode of Action of Redox-Modulating Selenium Compounds in Selected Model Systems." Molecules 19, no. 8: 12258-12279.