Next Article in Journal
Influence of Extractive Solvents on Lipid and Fatty Acids Content of Edible Freshwater Algal and Seaweed Products, the Green Microalga Chlorella kessleri and the Cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis
Next Article in Special Issue
Omega-3 Fatty Acids Protect Renal Functions by Increasing Docosahexaenoic Acid-Derived Metabolite Levels in SHR.Cg-Leprcp/NDmcr Rats, a Metabolic Syndrome Model
Previous Article in Journal
Carnosinases, Their Substrates and Diseases
Previous Article in Special Issue
Fatty Acid Profile of Cheese from Dairy Goats Fed a Diet Enriched with Castor, Sesame and Faveleira Vegetable Oils
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Molecules 2014, 19(2), 2330-2343; doi:10.3390/molecules19022330

Fatty Acids from Pool Lipids as Possible Precursors of the Male Marking Pheromone in Bumblebees

Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Flemingovo nám. 2, Prague 166 10, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 December 2013 / Revised: 14 February 2014 / Accepted: 14 February 2014 / Published: 21 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fatty Acids)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [284 KB, uploaded 18 June 2014]   |  

Abstract

Triacylglycerols (TGs) stored in the fat bodies of bumblebee males have a species-specific composition. The striking structural similarities between TG fatty acids (FAs) and components of the male marking pheromone in certain species led to the hypothesis that FAs may serve as precursors in pheromone biosynthesis. Here, we analysed TGs from B. ruderatus, B. bohemicus, and B. campestris. Nonadec-9-ene and icos-15-en-1-ol are the main components of B. ruderatus labial gland secretion, forming up to 92% of the gland extract. The corresponding icos-11-enic and icos-15-enic acids were found in TGs at levels higher than usual for bumblebee species. We found similar relationships in B. campestris and B. bohemicus. These results suggest that FAs might be precursors of aliphatic compounds in the male pheromones. Furthermore, we report for the first time the pheromone structure of B. ruderatus males. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bombus ruderatus; Bombus campestris; Bombus bohemicus; fat body; labial gland secretion; pheromone biosynthesis Bombus ruderatus; Bombus campestris; Bombus bohemicus; fat body; labial gland secretion; pheromone biosynthesis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kofroňová, E.; Nekola, A.; Cvačka, J.; Kindl, J.; Valterová, I. Fatty Acids from Pool Lipids as Possible Precursors of the Male Marking Pheromone in Bumblebees. Molecules 2014, 19, 2330-2343.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]

Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top