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Chemical Methods for Peptide and Protein Production
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Molecules 2013, 18(4), 4703-4717; doi:10.3390/molecules18044703

Applications of Biomaterials to Liquid Crystals

1
Department of Applied Biological Science, Tokyo University of Science, 2641 Yamazaki, Noda, Chiba 278-8510, Japan
2
Department of Industrial Chemistry, Tokyo University of Science, 2641 Yamazaki, Noda, Chiba 278-8510, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 January 2013 / Revised: 10 April 2013 / Accepted: 17 April 2013 / Published: 19 April 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Chemical Protein and Peptide Synthesis)
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Abstract

Nowadays, chemically synthesized proteins and peptides are attractive building blocks and have potential in many important applications as biomaterials. In this review, applications of biomaterials to thermotropic liquid crystals are discussed. The review covers the improvement of the performance of liquid crystal displays using liquid crystal physical gels consisting of a liquid crystal and amino acid-based gelators, and also new functionalization of liquid crystals. Moreover, the influence of DNA, which is one of the more attractive biomaterials, dispersed in thermotropic liquid crystals and its potential use in the liquid crystal industry is described. In addition, we found interesting results during electrooptical measurements of liquid crystals doped with DNA, and explain them from the point of view of biological applications. These recent approaches suggest that these biomaterials may be applicable in the electronic device industry and should be considered as an interesting material with their physical properties having the potential to create or refine an industrial product.
Keywords: liquid crystal; biomaterial; DNA; peptide liquid crystal; biomaterial; DNA; peptide
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Iwabata, K.; Sugai, U.; Seki, Y.; Furue, H.; Sakaguchi, K. Applications of Biomaterials to Liquid Crystals. Molecules 2013, 18, 4703-4717.

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