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Evolution of Analysis of Polyhenols from Grapes, Wines, and Extracts
Université Bordeaux, ISVV, EA 4577Oenologie, F-33140 Villenave d'Ornon, France
INRA, ISVV, USC1366Oenologie, F-33140 Villenave d'Ornon, France
These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 December 2012; in revised form: 7 January 2013 / Accepted: 14 January 2013 / Published: 16 January 2013
Abstract: Grape and wine phenolics are structurally diverse, from simple molecules to oligomers and polymers usually designated as tannins. They have an important impact on the organoleptic properties of wines, that’s why their analysis and quantification are of primordial importance. The extraction of phenolics from grapes and from wines is the first step involved in the analysis. Then, several analytical methods have been developed for the determination of total content of phenolic, while chromatographic and spectrophotometric analyses are continuously improved in order to achieve adequate separation of phenolic molecules, their subsequent identification and quantification. This review provides a summary of evolution of analysis of polyphenols from grapes, wines and extracts.
Keywords: phenolics; anthocyanins; tannins; extraction; global analyses; HPLC/UPLC; spectroscopy; DPm
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Lorrain, B.; Ky, I.; Pechamat, L.; Teissedre, P.-L. Evolution of Analysis of Polyhenols from Grapes, Wines, and Extracts. Molecules 2013, 18, 1076-1100.
Lorrain B, Ky I, Pechamat L, Teissedre P-L. Evolution of Analysis of Polyhenols from Grapes, Wines, and Extracts. Molecules. 2013; 18(1):1076-1100.
Lorrain, Bénédicte; Ky, Isabelle; Pechamat, Laurent; Teissedre, Pierre-Louis. 2013. "Evolution of Analysis of Polyhenols from Grapes, Wines, and Extracts." Molecules 18, no. 1: 1076-1100.