Molecules 2012, 17(5), 5003-5012; doi:10.3390/molecules17055003

Hydrophilic Carotenoids: Recent Progress

Department of Biochemistry and Medical Chemistry, University of Pécs, Medical School, Szigeti út 12, H-7624 Pécs, Hungary
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 March 2012; in revised form: 17 April 2012 / Accepted: 19 April 2012 / Published: 30 April 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carotenoids)
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Abstract: Carotenoids are substantially hydrophobic antioxidants. Hydrophobicity is this context is rather a disadvantage, because their utilization in medicine as antioxidants or in food chemistry as colorants would require some water dispersibility for their effective uptake or use in many other ways. In the past 15 years several attempts were made to synthetize partially hydrophilic carotenoids. This review compiles the recently synthetized hydrophilic carotenoid derivatives.
Keywords: carotenoids; hydrophilic; esterification; PEG conjugates; cycloaddition

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MDPI and ACS Style

Háda, M.; Nagy, V.; Deli, J.; Agócs, A. Hydrophilic Carotenoids: Recent Progress. Molecules 2012, 17, 5003-5012.

AMA Style

Háda M, Nagy V, Deli J, Agócs A. Hydrophilic Carotenoids: Recent Progress. Molecules. 2012; 17(5):5003-5012.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Háda, Magdolna; Nagy, Veronika; Deli, József; Agócs, Attila. 2012. "Hydrophilic Carotenoids: Recent Progress." Molecules 17, no. 5: 5003-5012.

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