Molecules 2012, 17(5), 5003-5012; doi:10.3390/molecules17055003
Review

Hydrophilic Carotenoids: Recent Progress

Received: 22 March 2012; in revised form: 17 April 2012 / Accepted: 19 April 2012 / Published: 30 April 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carotenoids)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Carotenoids are substantially hydrophobic antioxidants. Hydrophobicity is this context is rather a disadvantage, because their utilization in medicine as antioxidants or in food chemistry as colorants would require some water dispersibility for their effective uptake or use in many other ways. In the past 15 years several attempts were made to synthetize partially hydrophilic carotenoids. This review compiles the recently synthetized hydrophilic carotenoid derivatives.
Keywords: carotenoids; hydrophilic; esterification; PEG conjugates; cycloaddition
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MDPI and ACS Style

Háda, M.; Nagy, V.; Deli, J.; Agócs, A. Hydrophilic Carotenoids: Recent Progress. Molecules 2012, 17, 5003-5012.

AMA Style

Háda M, Nagy V, Deli J, Agócs A. Hydrophilic Carotenoids: Recent Progress. Molecules. 2012; 17(5):5003-5012.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Háda, Magdolna; Nagy, Veronika; Deli, József; Agócs, Attila. 2012. "Hydrophilic Carotenoids: Recent Progress." Molecules 17, no. 5: 5003-5012.

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