Next Article in Journal
Previous Article in Journal
Molecules 2012, 17(4), 4400-4423; doi:10.3390/molecules17044400
Review

Honey: A Novel Antioxidant

* ,
 and
Received: 25 February 2012; in revised form: 30 March 2012 / Accepted: 1 April 2012 / Published: 12 April 2012
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [257 KB, uploaded 18 June 2014]
Abstract: The global prevalence of chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, atherosclerosis, cancer and Alzheimer's disease is on the rise. These diseases, which constitute the major causes of death globally, are associated with oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is defined as an “imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants in favor of the oxidants, potentially leading to damage”. Individuals with chronic diseases are more susceptible to oxidative stress and damage because they have elevated levels of oxidants and/or reduced antioxidants. This, therefore, necessitates supplementation with antioxidants so as to delay, prevent or remove oxidative damage. Honey is a natural substance with many medicinal effects such as antibacterial, hepatoprotective, hypoglycemic, reproductive, antihypertensive and antioxidant effects. This review presents findings that indicate honey may ameliorate oxidative stress in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), liver, pancreas, kidney, reproductive organs and plasma/serum. Besides, the review highlights data that demonstrate the synergistic antioxidant effect of honey and antidiabetic drugs in the pancreas, kidney and serum of diabetic rats. These data suggest that honey, administered alone or in combination with conventional therapy, might be a novel antioxidant in the management of chronic diseases commonly associated with oxidative stress. In view of the fact that the majority of these data emanate from animal studies, there is an urgent need to investigate this antioxidant effect of honey in human subjects with chronic or degenerative diseases.
Keywords: honey; antioxidant; oxidative stress; chronic diseases, kidney; pancreas; liver; plasma; testis honey; antioxidant; oxidative stress; chronic diseases, kidney; pancreas; liver; plasma; testis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Erejuwa, O.O.; Sulaiman, S.A.; Ab Wahab, M.S. Honey: A Novel Antioxidant. Molecules 2012, 17, 4400-4423.

AMA Style

Erejuwa OO, Sulaiman SA, Ab Wahab MS. Honey: A Novel Antioxidant. Molecules. 2012; 17(4):4400-4423.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Erejuwa, Omotayo O.; Sulaiman, Siti A.; Ab Wahab, Mohd S. 2012. "Honey: A Novel Antioxidant." Molecules 17, no. 4: 4400-4423.


Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert