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Molecules 2012, 17(4), 3774-3793; doi:10.3390/molecules17043774

18F-labeled Pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine Derivatives: Synthesis from 2,4-Dinitrobenzamide and Tosylate Precursors and Comparative Biological Evaluation for Tumor Imaging with Positron Emission Tomography

1
Key Laboratory of Radiopharmaceuticals (Beijing Normal University), Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
Department of Nuclear Medicine, PUMC Hospital, Beijing 100730, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 February 2012 / Revised: 14 March 2012 / Accepted: 19 March 2012 / Published: 27 March 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Medicinal Chemistry)
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Abstract

We previously reported 18F-labeled pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine derivatives: 7-(2-[18F]fluoroethylamino)-5-methylpyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine-3-carbonitrile ([18F]1) and N-(2-(3-cyano-5-methylpyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidin-7-ylamino)ethyl)-2-[18F]fluoro-4-nitro- benzamide ([18F]2). Preliminary biodistribution experiments of both compounds showed s slow clearance rate from excretory tissues which warranted further investigation for tumor imaging with PET. Here we modified [18F]1 and [18F]2 by introducing polar groups such as ester, hydroxyl and carboxyl and developed three additional 18F-18 labeled pyrazolo[1,5-a] pyrimidine derivatives: (3-Cyano-7-(2-[18F]fluoroethylamino)pyrazolo[1,5-a]-pyrimidin-5- yl)methyl acetate ([18F]3), 7-(2-[18F]fluoroethylamino)-5-(hydroxymethyl)pyrazolo[1,5-a]- pyrimidine-3-carbonitrile ([18F]4) and (S)-6-(3-cyano-5-methylpyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidin-7-ylamino)-2-(2-[18F]fluoro-4-nitrobenzamido)hexanoic acid ([18F]5). The radiolabeled probes were synthesized by nucleophilic substitution of the corresponding tosylate and nitro precursors with 18F-fluoride. In Vitro studies showed higher uptake of [18F]3 and [18F]4 than that of [18F]5 by S180 tumor cells. In Vivo biodistribution studies in mice bearing S180 tumors showed that the uptake of both [18F]3 and [18F]4 in tumors displayed an increasing trend while the uptake of [18F]5 in tumor decreased through the course of the 120 min study. This significant difference in tumor uptake was also found between [18F]1 and [18F]2. Thus, we compared the biological behavior of the five tracers and reported the tumor uptake kinetic differences between 2-[18F]fluoroethylamino- and 2-[18F]fluoro-4-nitro- benzamidopyrazolo[1,5-a] pyrimidine derivatives. View Full-Text
Keywords: 18F-labeled; pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine derivatives; 2,4-dinitrobenzamide and tosylate precursors; PET imaging agents; tumor detection 18F-labeled; pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine derivatives; 2,4-dinitrobenzamide and tosylate precursors; PET imaging agents; tumor detection
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, J.; Liu, H.; Li, G.; He, Y.; Ding, R.; Wang, X.; Feng, M.; Zhang, S.; Chen, Y.; Li, S.; Zhao, M.; Li, Y.; Qi, C.; Dang, Y. 18F-labeled Pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine Derivatives: Synthesis from 2,4-Dinitrobenzamide and Tosylate Precursors and Comparative Biological Evaluation for Tumor Imaging with Positron Emission Tomography. Molecules 2012, 17, 3774-3793.

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