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Molecules 2012, 17(10), 12023-12036; doi:10.3390/molecules171012023

Synergistic Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil of Aguaribay (Schinus molle L.)

1
Departamento de Química, Unidade I&D Materiais Têxteis e do Papel, Universidade da Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
2
Departamento de Química Orgánica, Universidad de Salamanca, Plaza de los Caídos 1-5, 37008 Salamanca, Spain
3
Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Facultad de Ingeniería Química, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, CP 3000, Santa Fe, Argentina
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 August 2012 / Revised: 17 August 2012 / Accepted: 21 September 2012 / Published: 12 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
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Abstract

Schinus molle L. (aguaribay, aroeira-falsa, “molle”, family Anacardiaceae), a native of South America, produces an active antibacterial essential oil extracted from the leaves and fruits. This work reports a complete study of its chemical composition and determines the antibacterial activity of Schinus molle L. essential oil and its main components. The results showed that the crude extract essential oil has a potent antibacterial effect on Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, a strong/moderate effect on Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and moderate/weak one on Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853.
Keywords: essential oil; antibacterial activity; Schinus molle L.; agar diffusion; effect of vapor method of cylindrical cavities; MIC; terpinenediols; 7-formyloxysabinen-2-ol essential oil; antibacterial activity; Schinus molle L.; agar diffusion; effect of vapor method of cylindrical cavities; MIC; terpinenediols; 7-formyloxysabinen-2-ol
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rocha, P.M.M.; Rodilla, J.M.; Díez, D.; Elder, H.; Guala, M.S.; Silva, L.A.; Pombo, E.B. Synergistic Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil of Aguaribay (Schinus molle L.). Molecules 2012, 17, 12023-12036.

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