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MiR-15a Decreases Bovine Mammary Epithelial Cell Viability and Lactation and Regulates Growth Hormone Receptor Expression
Key Laboratory of Dairy Science of Education Ministry, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, Heilongjiang, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 July 2012; in revised form: 24 August 2012 / Accepted: 25 September 2012 / Published: 12 October 2012
Abstract: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs that regulate the expression of target genes at the post-transcriptional level by transcript degradation or translational inhibition. The role of bta-miR-15a in bovine mammary gland hasn’t been reported. Using miRNAs prediction software, GHR gene was predicted to be a potential target of bta-miR-15a. In this study, bovine mammary epithelial cell line was used as an in vitro cell model to address the function of bta-miR-15a on bovine mammary epithelial cells. The expression changes of bta-miR-15a and Ghr after bta-miR-15a transfection were detected by qRT-PCR; the expression of GHR protein and casein was detected by western blotting. To determine whether bta-miR-15a can affect cell viability, cells were examined using an electronic Coulter counter (CASY-TT). In conclusion, bta-miR-15a inhibited the expression of casein of bovine mammary epithelial cells, and cell number and viability were reduced by bta-miR-15a expression. Bta-miR-15a inhibited the viability of mammary epithelial cells as well as the expression of GHR mRNA and protein level, therefore suggesting that bta-miR-15a may play an important role in mammary gland physiology.
Keywords: bta-miR-15a; Ghr; proliferation; bovine mammary epithelial cell
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MDPI and ACS Style
Li, H.-M.; Wang, C.-M.; Li, Q.-Z.; Gao, X.-J. MiR-15a Decreases Bovine Mammary Epithelial Cell Viability and Lactation and Regulates Growth Hormone Receptor Expression. Molecules 2012, 17, 12037-12048.
Li H-M, Wang C-M, Li Q-Z, Gao X-J. MiR-15a Decreases Bovine Mammary Epithelial Cell Viability and Lactation and Regulates Growth Hormone Receptor Expression. Molecules. 2012; 17(10):12037-12048.
Li, Hui-Ming; Wang, Chun-Mei; Li, Qing-Zhang; Gao, Xue-Jun. 2012. "MiR-15a Decreases Bovine Mammary Epithelial Cell Viability and Lactation and Regulates Growth Hormone Receptor Expression." Molecules 17, no. 10: 12037-12048.