Molecules 2012, 17(10), 12037-12048; doi:10.3390/molecules171012037
Article

MiR-15a Decreases Bovine Mammary Epithelial Cell Viability and Lactation and Regulates Growth Hormone Receptor Expression

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Received: 17 July 2012; in revised form: 24 August 2012 / Accepted: 25 September 2012 / Published: 12 October 2012
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs that regulate the expression of target genes at the post-transcriptional level by transcript degradation or translational inhibition. The role of bta-miR-15a in bovine mammary gland hasn’t been reported. Using miRNAs prediction software, GHR gene was predicted to be a potential target of bta-miR-15a. In this study, bovine mammary epithelial cell line was used as an in vitro cell model to address the function of bta-miR-15a on bovine mammary epithelial cells. The expression changes of bta-miR-15a and Ghr after bta-miR-15a transfection were detected by qRT-PCR; the expression of GHR protein and casein was detected by western blotting. To determine whether bta-miR-15a can affect cell viability, cells were examined using an electronic Coulter counter (CASY-TT). In conclusion, bta-miR-15a inhibited the expression of casein of bovine mammary epithelial cells, and cell number and viability were reduced by bta-miR-15a expression. Bta-miR-15a inhibited the viability of mammary epithelial cells as well as the expression of GHR mRNA and protein level, therefore suggesting that bta-miR-15a may play an important role in mammary gland physiology.
Keywords: bta-miR-15a; Ghr; proliferation; bovine mammary epithelial cell
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, H.-M.; Wang, C.-M.; Li, Q.-Z.; Gao, X.-J. MiR-15a Decreases Bovine Mammary Epithelial Cell Viability and Lactation and Regulates Growth Hormone Receptor Expression. Molecules 2012, 17, 12037-12048.

AMA Style

Li H-M, Wang C-M, Li Q-Z, Gao X-J. MiR-15a Decreases Bovine Mammary Epithelial Cell Viability and Lactation and Regulates Growth Hormone Receptor Expression. Molecules. 2012; 17(10):12037-12048.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Hui-Ming; Wang, Chun-Mei; Li, Qing-Zhang; Gao, Xue-Jun. 2012. "MiR-15a Decreases Bovine Mammary Epithelial Cell Viability and Lactation and Regulates Growth Hormone Receptor Expression." Molecules 17, no. 10: 12037-12048.


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