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Carotenoids in Fruits of Different Persimmon Cultivars
College of Horticulture and Plant Protection, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
College of Horticulture, Northwest A &F University, Yangling 712100, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 November 2010; in revised form: 21 December 2010 / Accepted: 11 January 2011 / Published: 17 January 2011
Abstract: Carotenoids in the peel and the flesh of persimmon fruit were identified, and the contents of carotenoids in the fleshes of 46 different persimmon cultivars were analyzed. The results indicated that 31 specific carotenoids were detected in both cultivars of persimmons, among which nine specific carotenoids were characterized. β-Cryptoxanthin was the most abundant carotenoid among all individual components in both the peel and the flesh, accounting for about 20-30% of the total carotenoids in both cultivars. The contents of total carotenoids in the fleshes of different persimmon cultivars were between 194.61 µg/100g FW and 1,566.30 µg/100g FW. Zeaxanthin was also the most abundant in all persimmon fleshes besides β-Cryptoxanthin, and the total amount of these two components accounted for 37.84-85.11% of the total carotenoids. The RE values in the fleshes of different cultivars also differed greatly. Besides, the stage of maturation was also important factor which could influence the carotenoid content and RE value in the fleshes.
Keywords: carotenoids; provitamin A; HPLC; persimmon
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MDPI and ACS Style
Zhou, C.; Zhao, D.; Sheng, Y.; Tao, J.; Yang, Y. Carotenoids in Fruits of Different Persimmon Cultivars. Molecules 2011, 16, 624-636.
Zhou C, Zhao D, Sheng Y, Tao J, Yang Y. Carotenoids in Fruits of Different Persimmon Cultivars. Molecules. 2011; 16(1):624-636.
Zhou, Chunhua; Zhao, Daqiu; Sheng, Yanle; Tao, Jun; Yang, Yong. 2011. "Carotenoids in Fruits of Different Persimmon Cultivars." Molecules 16, no. 1: 624-636.