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Molecules 2010, 15(7), 4792-4814; doi:10.3390/molecules15074792
Review

Recyclable Nanostructured Catalytic Systems in Modern Environmentally Friendly Organic Synthesis

1,2,*  and 1
1 A.N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, 31, Leninskiy prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russia 2 Chemistry Department, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, 1-3, Leninskye Gory, Moscow, 119992, Russia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 May 2010 / Revised: 30 June 2010 / Accepted: 5 July 2010 / Published: 8 July 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nano-catalysts and Nano-technologies for Green Organic Synthesis)
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Abstract

Modern chemical synthesis makes heavy use of different types of catalytic systems: homogeneous, heterogeneous and nano-sized. The latter – nano-sized catalysts – have given rise in the 21st century to a rapidly developing area of research encompassing several prospects and opportunities for new technologies. Catalytic reactions ensure high regio- and stereoselectivity of chemical transformations, as well as better yields and milder reaction conditions. In recent years several novel catalytic systems were developed for selective formation of carbon-heteroatom and carbon-carbon bonds. This review presents the achievements of our team in our studies on various types of catalysts containing metal nanoparticles: palladium-containing diblock copolymer micelles; soluble palladium-containing polymers; metallides on a support; polymeric metal salts and oxides; and, in addition, metal-free organic catalysts based on soluble polymers acting as nanoreactors. Representative examples are given and discussed in light of possible applications to solve important problems in modern organic synthesis.
Keywords: nanoparticles; catalysis; nanocatalysts; catalyst recycling; polymer supported catalysts; Green Chemistry nanoparticles; catalysis; nanocatalysts; catalyst recycling; polymer supported catalysts; Green Chemistry
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Beletskaya, I.; Tyurin, V. Recyclable Nanostructured Catalytic Systems in Modern Environmentally Friendly Organic Synthesis. Molecules 2010, 15, 4792-4814.

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