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Molecules 2010, 15(2), 878-916; doi:10.3390/molecules15020878

3-Nitropropionic Acid as a Tool to Study the Mechanisms Involved in Huntington’s Disease: Past, Present and Future

1
Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular, Facultad de Medicina, Instituto Maimónides de Investigaciones Biomédicas de Córdoba (IMIBIC), Universidad de Córdoba, Av. Menéndez Pidal s/n, 14004 Córdoba, Spain
2
Laboratorio de Aminoácidos Excitadores, Instituto Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía “Manuel Velasco Suárez”, México D.F., Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 December 2009 / Revised: 12 January 2010 / Accepted: 1 February 2010 / Published: 10 February 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Neuroprotective Strategies)
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Abstract

Huntington’s disease (HD) is an inheritable autosomal-dominant disorder whose causal mechanisms remain unknown. Experimental models have begun to uncover these pathways, thus helping to understand the mechanisms implicated and allowing for the characterization of potential targets for new therapeutic strategies. 3-Nitropropionic acid is known to produce in animals behavioural, biochemical and morphologic changes similar to those occurring in HD. For this reason, this phenotypic model is gaining attention as a valuable tool to mimick this disorder and further developing new therapies. In this review, we will focus on the past and present research of this molecule, to finally bring a perspective on what will be next in this promising field of study.
Keywords: 3-nitropropionic acid; Huntington’s disease; quinolinic acid; succinate dehydrogenase; transgenic mice models 3-nitropropionic acid; Huntington’s disease; quinolinic acid; succinate dehydrogenase; transgenic mice models
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Túnez, I.; Tasset, I.; Pérez-De La Cruz, V.; Santamaría, A. 3-Nitropropionic Acid as a Tool to Study the Mechanisms Involved in Huntington’s Disease: Past, Present and Future. Molecules 2010, 15, 878-916.

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