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Molecules 2010, 15(11), 8431-8468; doi:10.3390/molecules15118431

Sorption Speciation of Lanthanides/Actinides on Minerals by TRLFS, EXAFS and DFT Studies: A Review

Key Laboratory of Novel Thin Film Solar Cells, Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O.Box 1126, Hefei 230031, Anhui, China
Institute of Solid States Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 1129, Hefei 230031, Anhui, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 October 2010 / Revised: 9 November 2010 / Accepted: 15 November 2010 / Published: 17 November 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Radiochemistry)
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Lanthanides/actinides sorption speciation on minerals and oxides by means of time resolved laser fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS), extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (EXAFS) and density functional theory (DFT) is reviewed in the field of nuclear disposal safety research. The theoretical aspects of the methods are concisely presented. Examples of recent research results of lanthanide/actinide speciation and local atomic structures using TRLFS, EXAFS and DFT are discussed. The interaction of lanthanides/actinides with oxides and minerals as well as their uptake are also of common interest in radionuclide chemistry. Especially the sorption and inclusion of radionuclides into several minerals lead to an improvement in knowledge of minor components in solids. In the solid-liquid interface, the speciation and local atomic structures of Eu(III), Cm(III), U(VI), and Np(IV/VI) in several natural and synthetic minerals and oxides are also reviewed and discussed. The review is important to understand the physicochemical behavior of lanthanides/actinides at a molecular level in the natural environment.
Keywords: Sorption; Radionuclides; TRLFS; EXAFS; DFT Sorption; Radionuclides; TRLFS; EXAFS; DFT
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Tan, X.; Fang, M.; Wang, X. Sorption Speciation of Lanthanides/Actinides on Minerals by TRLFS, EXAFS and DFT Studies: A Review. Molecules 2010, 15, 8431-8468.

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