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Molecules 2009, 14(3), 1171-1182; doi:10.3390/molecules14031171
Article

Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Properties of Piper ovatum Vahl

1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 1, 2, 3, 3, 1, 2 and 1, 4,*
Received: 9 February 2009; in revised form: 27 February 2009 / Accepted: 11 March 2009 / Published: 16 March 2009
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Abstract: The chemical composition of the essential oil obtained from the leaves of Piper ovatum Vahl by hydrodistillation was analyzed by GC–MS. The main constituents found were δ-amorphene (16.5 %), cis-muurola-4(14),5-diene (14.29 %) and γ-muurolene (13.26%). The crude extracts and isolated compounds were screened for their antimicrobial activity. Hydroalcoholic extracts of different parts of Piper ovatum Vahl, essential oil and amides isolated from leaves were tested against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and Candida species. All extracts and amides were active against Bacillus subtilis and Candida tropicalis, including clinical strains. Essential oil was active against C. tropicalis. These amides showed an inhibitory effect on the adherence of C. tropicalis ATCC 28707 on cover glasses at 10 μg/mL, but did not show morphological alterations at the tested concentrations. Amides were identified as piperovatine and piperlonguminine, and showed MIC values of 15.6 and 31.2 μg/mL to B. subtilis and 3.9 μg/mL to C. tropicalis, and low toxic effects to Vero cells and macrophages.
Keywords: Piper ovatum Vahl; Chemical composition; Essential oil; Antimicrobial activity Piper ovatum Vahl; Chemical composition; Essential oil; Antimicrobial activity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Silva, D.R.; Endo, E.H.; Filho, B.P.D.; Nakamura, C.V.; Svidzinski, T.I.E.; De Souza, A.; Young, M.C.M.; Ueda-Nakamura, T.; Cortez, D.A.G. Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Properties of Piper ovatum Vahl. Molecules 2009, 14, 1171-1182.

AMA Style

Silva DR, Endo EH, Filho BPD, Nakamura CV, Svidzinski TIE, De Souza A, Young MCM, Ueda-Nakamura T, Cortez DAG. Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Properties of Piper ovatum Vahl. Molecules. 2009; 14(3):1171-1182.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Silva, Daniel Rodrigues; Endo, Eliana Harue; Filho, Benedito Prado Dias; Nakamura, Celso Vataru; Svidzinski, Terezinha Inez Estivaleti; De Souza, Amanda; Young, Maria Claudia M.; Ueda-Nakamura, Tânia; Cortez, Diógenes Aparício Garcia. 2009. "Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Properties of Piper ovatum Vahl." Molecules 14, no. 3: 1171-1182.



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