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Parabens as Agents for Improving Crocetin Esters’ Shelf-Life in Aqueous Saffron Extracts
Cátedra de Química Agrícola. E.T.S.I. Agrónomos, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Campus Universitario, 02071 Albacete, Spain
Área de Nutrición y Bromatología. Facultad de Veterinaria y CYTA. Universidad de Murcia. Campus de Espinardo. Espinardo 30071. Murcia. Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 February 2009; in revised form: 10 March 2009 / Accepted: 11 March 2009 / Published: 16 March 2009
Abstract: The effect of parabens on the shelf-life of crocetin esters and picrocrocin in aqueous saffron solutions was studied. Degradation of saffron crocetin esters fits a first-order kinetics model, and the results indicated that the crocetin (β-D-glucosyl)-(β-D-gentiobiosyl) esters were more stable than the crocetin di-(β-D-gentiobiosyl) esters regardless of whether trans and cis isomers were considered. Under all tested conditions both parabens gave good results, especially propyl paraben that showed a greater influence on the degradation rate constant, except for cis-crocetin di-(β-D-gentiobiosyl) ester and cis-crocetin (β-D-glucosyl)-(β-D-gentiobiosyl) ester. In presence of propyl paraben (200 mg/L), the half-life periods of trans-crocetin di-(β-D-gentiobiosyl) esterimproved considerably, up to four-fold. Special attention has been paid to the effect of propyl paraben on 46 saffrons with different crocetin ester contents. No differences were observed in terms of picrocrocin. By analysis of variance, it is noteworthy that there were differences between the mean content of crocetin esters for all analysed saffron, except for trans-crocetin (β-D-glucosyl)-(β-D-gentiobiosyl) ester.
Keywords: Crocetin esters; Picrocrocin; Parabens; Saffron (Crocus sativus L.); Aqueous extract
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MDPI and ACS Style
Maggi, L.; Carmona, M.; Zalacain, A.; Tomé, M.M.; Murcia, M.A.; Alonso, G.L. Parabens as Agents for Improving Crocetin Esters’ Shelf-Life in Aqueous Saffron Extracts. Molecules 2009, 14, 1160-1170.
Maggi L, Carmona M, Zalacain A, Tomé MM, Murcia MA, Alonso GL. Parabens as Agents for Improving Crocetin Esters’ Shelf-Life in Aqueous Saffron Extracts. Molecules. 2009; 14(3):1160-1170.
Maggi, Luana; Carmona, Manuel; Zalacain, Amaya; Tomé, Magdalena Martínez; Murcia, María Antonia; Alonso, Gonzalo Luis. 2009. "Parabens as Agents for Improving Crocetin Esters’ Shelf-Life in Aqueous Saffron Extracts." Molecules 14, no. 3: 1160-1170.