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Molecules 2009, 14(1), 273-278; doi:10.3390/molecules14010273

The Main Chemical Composition and in vitro Antifungal Activity of the Essential Oils of Ocimum basilicum Linn. var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth

1
Institute of Pesticides, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, P.R. China
2
College of Sciences, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, P.R. China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 November 2008 / Revised: 19 December 2008 / Accepted: 29 December 2008 / Published: 8 January 2009
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Abstract

The essential oils of the aerial parts of Ocimum basilicum Linn.var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth., an endemic medicinal plant growing in China, was obtained by hydrodistillation and analysed by GC-MS. Fifteen compounds, representing 74.19% of the total oil were identified. The main components were as follows: linalool (29.68%), (Z)-cinnamic acid methyl ester (21.49%), cyclohexene (4.41%), α- cadinol (3.99%), 2,4-diisopropenyl-1-methyl-1-vinylcyclohexane (2.27%), 3,5-pyridine-dicarboxylic acid, 2,6-dimethyl-diethyl ester (2.01%), β-cubebene (1.97%), guaia-1(10),11-diene (1.58%), cadinene (1.41%) (E)-cinnamic acid methyl ester (1.36%) and β-guaiene (1.30%). The essential oils showed significant antifungal activity against some plant pathogenic fungi. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ocimum basilicum Linn. var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth.; Essential oil; Antifungal activity; Chemical composition Ocimum basilicum Linn. var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth.; Essential oil; Antifungal activity; Chemical composition
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, J.-W.; Li, S.-K.; Wu, W.-J. The Main Chemical Composition and in vitro Antifungal Activity of the Essential Oils of Ocimum basilicum Linn. var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth. Molecules 2009, 14, 273-278.

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