Molecules 2009, 14(1), 273-278; doi:10.3390/molecules14010273
Article

The Main Chemical Composition and in vitro Antifungal Activity of the Essential Oils of Ocimum basilicum Linn. var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth

1,2email, 1,2email and 1,2,* email
Received: 24 November 2008; in revised form: 19 December 2008 / Accepted: 29 December 2008 / Published: 8 January 2009
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The essential oils of the aerial parts of Ocimum basilicum Linn.var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth., an endemic medicinal plant growing in China, was obtained by hydrodistillation and analysed by GC-MS. Fifteen compounds, representing 74.19% of the total oil were identified. The main components were as follows: linalool (29.68%), (Z)-cinnamic acid methyl ester (21.49%), cyclohexene (4.41%), α- cadinol (3.99%), 2,4-diisopropenyl-1-methyl-1-vinylcyclohexane (2.27%), 3,5-pyridine-dicarboxylic acid, 2,6-dimethyl-diethyl ester (2.01%), β-cubebene (1.97%), guaia-1(10),11-diene (1.58%), cadinene (1.41%) (E)-cinnamic acid methyl ester (1.36%) and β-guaiene (1.30%). The essential oils showed significant antifungal activity against some plant pathogenic fungi.
Keywords: Ocimum basilicum Linn. var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth.; Essential oil; Antifungal activity; Chemical composition
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, J.-W.; Li, S.-K.; Wu, W.-J. The Main Chemical Composition and in vitro Antifungal Activity of the Essential Oils of Ocimum basilicum Linn. var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth. Molecules 2009, 14, 273-278.

AMA Style

Zhang J-W, Li S-K, Wu W-J. The Main Chemical Composition and in vitro Antifungal Activity of the Essential Oils of Ocimum basilicum Linn. var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth. Molecules. 2009; 14(1):273-278.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Ji-Wen; Li, Sheng-Kun; Wu, Wen-Jun. 2009. "The Main Chemical Composition and in vitro Antifungal Activity of the Essential Oils of Ocimum basilicum Linn. var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth." Molecules 14, no. 1: 273-278.

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