Next Article in Journal
Applying Information Theory to Neuronal Networks: From Theory to Experiments
Next Article in Special Issue
Self-Organization at Aqueous Colloid-Membrane Interfaces and an Optical Method to Measure the Kinetics of Exclusion Zone Formation
Previous Article in Journal
Sample Entropy and Traditional Measures of Heart Rate Dynamics Reveal Different Modes of Cardiovascular Control During Low Intensity Exercise
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Further Indication of the Self-Ordering Capacity of Water Via the Droplet Evaporation Method
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Entropy 2014, 16(11), 5712-5720; doi:10.3390/e16115712

The Case for Tetrahedral Oxy-subhydride (TOSH) Structures in the Exclusion Zones of Anchored Polar Solvents Including Water

1
Hazelmere Research Ltd., 1940 180 St., Surrey, BC V3Z 9V2, Canada
2
2055 York Ave., Vancouver, BC V6J1E5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 May 2014 / Revised: 9 September 2014 / Accepted: 22 October 2014 / Published: 3 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Entropy and EZ-Water)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1325 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]   |  

Abstract

We hypothesize a mechanistic model of how negatively-charged exclusion zones (EZs) are created. While the growth of EZs is known to be associated with the absorption of ambient photonic energy, the molecular dynamics giving rise to this process need greater elucidation. We believe they arise due to the formation of oxy-subhydride structures (OH)(H2O)4 with a tetrahedral (sp3) (OH)(H2O)3 core. Five experimental data sets derived by previous researchers were assessed in this regard: (1) water-derived EZ light absorbance at specific infrared wavelengths, (2) EZ negative potential in water and ethanol, (3) maximum EZ light absorbance at 270 nm ultraviolet wavelength, (4) ability of dimethyl sulphoxide but not ether to form an EZ, and (5) transitory nature of melting ice derived EZs. The proposed tetrahedral oxy-subhydride structures (TOSH) appear to adequately account for all of the experimental evidence derived from water or other polar solvents. View Full-Text
Keywords: water; polar solvents; DuPont™ Nafion®; TOSH; oxy-subhydride; oxy-tetrasubhydride; exclusion zones; EZ; oxy-subhydride water; polar solvents; DuPont™ Nafion®; TOSH; oxy-subhydride; oxy-tetrasubhydride; exclusion zones; EZ; oxy-subhydride
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Oehr, K.; LeMay, P.H. The Case for Tetrahedral Oxy-subhydride (TOSH) Structures in the Exclusion Zones of Anchored Polar Solvents Including Water. Entropy 2014, 16, 5712-5720.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Entropy EISSN 1099-4300 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top