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Entropy 2014, 16(10), 5211-5222; doi:10.3390/e16105211

A Further Indication of the Self-Ordering Capacity of Water Via the Droplet Evaporation Method

Bion, Institute for Biolectromagnetics and New Biology d.o.o., Stegne 21, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Both authors contributed equally to this work
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Received: 28 July 2014 / Revised: 26 September 2014 / Accepted: 30 September 2014 / Published: 7 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Entropy and EZ-Water)
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Abstract

The droplet evaporation method (DEM) is increasingly used for assessing various characteristics of water. In our research we tried to use DEM to detect a possible self-ordering capability of (spring) water that would be similar to the already found and described autothixotropic phenomenon, namely increasing order of non-distilled water subject to aging. The output of DEM is a droplet remnant pattern (DRP). For analysis of DRP images we used a specially developed computer program that does the frequency distribution analysis of certain parameters of the images. The results of experiments demonstrated statistically significant differences in both aging of water as well as in the glass exposed surface/volume ratio of the aged water. The most important result supporting the self-ordering character of water was found in an increasing dependence between two analyzed parameters: distance and frequency, at the peak frequency. As the result concerns mostly aging and shows increasing order it further corroborates other findings concerning increasing order by aging. Such further confirmation of self-ordering capacity of water is not important only for physical chemistry, but also for biology. View Full-Text
Keywords: water; droplet evaporation method; droplet remnant patterns; supramolecular order; incubation time; surface/volume ratio water; droplet evaporation method; droplet remnant patterns; supramolecular order; incubation time; surface/volume ratio
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Jerman, I.; Ratajc, P. A Further Indication of the Self-Ordering Capacity of Water Via the Droplet Evaporation Method. Entropy 2014, 16, 5211-5222.

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