Legionella Contamination in Water Environment

Edited by
June 2021
298 pages
  • ISBN978-3-0365-0694-4 (Hardback)
  • ISBN978-3-0365-0695-1 (PDF)

This book is a reprint of the Special Issue Legionella Contamination in Water Environment that was published in

Biology & Life Sciences
Medicine & Pharmacology
Public Health & Healthcare

Legionella spp. are ubiquitous microorganisms that are widely distributed in aquatic environments. Water systems of large buildings, such as hospitals, hotels, and rental units are often contaminated by legionellae and various parameters such as physical, chemical, and microbial building water system characteristics can influence Legionella occurrence. A range of physical and chemical disinfection methods have been proposed to control Legionella contamination; however, to date, the most effective procedures have not been defined. There is a need to survey legionellae in water systems to prevent legionellosis. Although the assessment of L. pneumophila in water is typically performed by culture isolation on selective media, it has several limits. For this reason, alternative tools for rapid, sensitive, and specific detection of Legionella in water samples have been proposed. In order to increase knowledge on different aspects of Legionella contamination in the water environment, this book gathers research studies related to the occurrence of Legionella in water systems of different environments; the role of different factors that can influence the Legionella contamination, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of different methodological approaches.

  • Hardback
License and Copyright
© 2022 by the authors; CC BY-NC-ND license
WTP 828; Legionella; risk assessment plan; water quality; microbial analysis; chemical analysis; Legionella; distal site positivity; hot water return line; chlorine; HPC; temperature; water management; free-living amoebae; Legionella; biological biocide; cooling towers; Legionella pneumophila; protozoa; Vermamoeba; Acanthamoeba; potable water; hospital water; water disinfection; legionellosis; Dental unit waterlines; Legionella spp.; risk management; disinfection; Legionella pneumophila; SBT; molecular diversity; hotels; Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs); Surgical Handwashing Outlets (SHWOs); sensor-activated faucets; Legionella spp.; risk assessment plan; free-living amoebae (FLA); Legionella pneumophila; virulence genes; Willaertia magna C2c Maky; Legionella spp.; culture media; environmental monitoring; quality control; potable water; first draw; second draw; biofilm; whole genome sequencing; environmental monitoring; premise plumbing systems; Legionella; Legiolert; ISO 11731; plate culture; potable water samples; flint; Legionella pneumophila; copper; PEX; iron; chlorine; premise plumbing; Legionella; Legionnaires’ disease; culture; BCYE and GVPC media; MLVA-genotypes; clonal complex; hospital water; West Bank; Legionella pneumophila; non-tuberculous mycobacteria; Pseudomonas; Acinetobacter; amoebae; copper; iron; PEX; PVC; drinking water; disinfection; MLVA-genotypes; ecotype; groundwater; environmental factors; magnesium; niche; n/a