Reprint

Nutrition and Chronic Conditions

Edited by
January 2019
226 pages
  • ISBN978-3-03897-602-8 (Paperback)
  • ISBN978-3-03897-603-5 (PDF)

This book is a reprint of the Special Issue Nutrition and Chronic Conditions that was published in

Medicine & Pharmacology
Public Health & Healthcare
Summary

The effects of nutrition in chronic conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dementia, stroke, and inflammatory bowel disease continue to generate interest among researchers. This stems from the fact that diet is a modifiable risk factor for these diseases, which manifest either as single entities or in co-morbid states in individuals and populations around the world. In particular, the prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular disease is on the rise, especially in developed countries, but also in developing economies, partly due to lifestyle changes, including diet. For example, ischaemic heart disease is the leading cause of death globally. When combined with stroke, these conditions accounted for 15 million deaths in 2015 and are the world’s greatest killers (WHO, 2017). Furthermore, WHO (2016), reported that there were an estimated 422 million adults who were living with diabetes in 2014. This is significantly higher than the 108 million in 1980, representing a rise in worldwide diabetes prevalence from 4.7% in 1980 to 8.5% in 2014 among the adult population.

These chronic conditions and their associated complications have significant implications for morbidity and mortality, and incur huge costs to the health services around the world. The composition of the diet, the proportion and types of macronutrients and micronutrients present in the diet are major contributors to these diseases. In addition, the beneficial effects of nutritional interventions have been well documented although differences remain among researchers with respect to their overall impact. The evaluation of the role of nutrition in chronic conditions draws on its effect on body weight and body composition, glycaemic and insulin excursions, vascular remodeling, and gastro-intestinal dysfunction.

Therefore, this Special Issue on “Nutrition and Chronic Conditions” aims to evaluate the effect of nutrition in the development, care, and management of chronic conditions. The primary conditions of interest are diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dementia, stroke, and inflammatory bowel disease.
Format
  • Paperback
License
© 2019 by the authors; CC BY-NC-ND license
Keywords
glycaemic index; glycated haemoglobin; fasting blood glucose; type 2 diabetes; randomised controlled trials; meta-analysis; systematic review; impaired glucose regulation; lifestyle modifications; metabolic syndrome; type 2 diabetes; metformin; type 2 diabetes mellitus; dietary inflammatory index; obesity; Mexican population; survey; olive oil; virgin olive oil; olive oil polyphenols; maslinic acid; oleanolic acid; cardiovascular diseases; endothelial function; phenolic compounds; triterpenes; metabolic syndrome; diabetes mellitus; diet; carbohydrate; blood glucose; HbA1c; fasting blood glucose; postprandial blood glucose; vitamin C; blood pressure; waist circumference; glucose; glycaemic control; HbA1c; kiwifruit; gut microbiota; Coriobacteriaceae; nutrition; healthy older individuals; cognitive decline; intervention; prevention; randomized clinical trials; salt; sodium; hypertension; knowledge; attitudes; practices; diet; Africa; Benin; Guinea; Mozambique; Kenya; Seychelles; acne; acne vulgaris; milk; dairy; diet; Mendelian randomization; adults; meta-analysis; dairy; milk; acne; yogurt; 25(OH)D deficiency; children; impaired fasting glucose; hypercholesterolemia; systematic review; meta-analysis; children; fruits and vegetables; biomarkers; vitamins; validity; type 1 diabetes; cardiovascular disease; whole grains; glycemic control; serum lipids; dietary changes; health promotion; health behavior; Peru; chronic conditions; nuts; seeds; polyphenols; dietary fiber; microbiota; dysbiosis; overweight; obesity; health benefits; chronic disease; noncommunicable disease; nutrient inadequacies and deficiencies; nutrient interventions; public health; musculoskeletal disorders; dementia; eye disorders; cardiovascular disease; nutrition; chronic conditions; type 2 diabetes; cardiovascular diseases; cognitive decline; metabolic syndrome; pre-diabetes