A topical collection in Quantum Beam Science (ISSN 2412-382X).
Prof. Dr. Klaus-Dieter Liss
Guangdong Technion - Israel Institute of Technology (GTIIT), 241 Daxue Lu, Jinping Qu, Shantou, Guangdong Province, China
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Phone: +86 136 7612 7052
Interests: in-situ, time-resolved scattering; structural and functional materials; metals; semiconductors; thermo-mechanical processing; phase transformations; ferroics; kinetics and dynamics; extreme conditions; texture analysis; plasticity; materials development; metallic glass; light metals; TiAl intermetallics; steels; diffraction optics; interferometry; ultra-short time scales; synchrotrons; neutrons; free-electron lasers
This Topical Collection, Facilities, aims to assemble review and original articles to describe existing, upcoming, planned and historic large-user facilities for materials and life sciences around the world. Quantum beams encompass all kind of short-wavelength radiation for the study of condensed mater materials in the widest sense. In particular, this includes synchrotron and neutron radiation, ion beams, positrons, muons and to some extent lasers, where they interact under extreme conditions or are correlated with some other kind of quantum beam. While most of those quantum beams can be generated on a small laboratory scale, state-of-the-art sources are assembled in large-scale multi-user facilities.
The widest spread of facilities in this context are synchrotron radiation facilities, where high-energy electrons circulate in a storage ring to produce light of any wavelength to independently operating beamlines. The number of simultaneous beamlines and experiments can be as high as 50 and photon energies spread from infrared to gamma rays.
Complementary neutron facilities can be based around a nuclear reactor or in the form of a proton accelerator driven spallation source. They, equally, have multiple beam sources delivering to a multitude of most different instruments, such as for imaging, spectroscopy or diffraction. The same holds for positron and muon sources.
Large power laser sources can either produce materials under extreme conditions, or interact with another beam, such as accelerator electrons for inverse Compton scattering—delivering gamma rays within a large user facility. Furthermore, laser facilities may be important for pump-probe experiments in condensed and ionized matter.
Proton and ions beams represent another class, which may be accelerator based and then form a facility. Their applications are broad.
In order to lay the basis for later topics and the applications, the journal Quantum Beam Science calls for descriptions of the sources of such radiation, with the goal of creating a collection of papers that will serve as reference standards for users. It will be an excellent channel for exposure and comparison for each facility, and aims to be comprehensive.
In particular, we seek papers of facilities encompassing more than one single beamline. (A Beamlines collection may follow if there is sufficient demand.) The articles should describe the facility's background and context, its overall layout, the radiation production process, the key parameters in a scientific and engineering manner, an overview of beamlines, and outline some typical applications. Descriptions of the key parts can be done in depth, including information on the detailed layout, neutron-moderator concepts, or synchrotron insertion devices. Individual, modern and upcoming facilities should be featured in articles, while reviews should focus on types of facilities or historic facilities. Well founded ideas and concepts of future facilities are welcome. Reviews are sought on classes of quantum beam sources, such as an overview and the characteristics of all kinds of X-ray tubes, or small ion or neutron sources.
Possible topics include but are not limited to:
Welcome to the journal Quantum Beam Science!
Prof.Dr. Klaus-Dieter Liss
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